ON THE ISSUE OF NARRATIVITY AND REFERENCE IN HISTORIOGRAPHY AND FICTION (K problematike narativity a referencie v historiografii a v umeleckej literature)
The author pays attention to narrativity - which has been considered very crucial in recent decades in creating presentation of past events. Narration is a basic act in works of historians as well as prose writers. The author deals with some common aspects of narration in texts by historians and fiction writers. Historical text and fictional text are created by structural building of narration, where selection and hierarchization of facts is made, selected narration elements are put in a compact interpretation giving particular events sense and meaning. A certain aim of an author of narration cannot be excluded and procedures in the building of narrative structure are similar in both cases, but specific procedures, aimed at results not acceptable in a scientific text, are applied in fictional text. Next the author examines the main differences resulting from different characters of reference of both text fields and from their different position in a net of social discourses. The crucial difference originates in the ontological nature of facts included in a historian's narration compared to the 'facts' given by fiction. This is connected to differences in the references of the two types of text. The next differentiation aspect is represented by the aims followed in creating historical and fictional narration. These aims are influenced by our cultural frame. The texts of a historian and a fiction writer are produced and perceived in diverse 'receptive regimes'; the two kinds of text enter different levels of expectation and fulfill diverse functions.
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