RETURN TO AND DEPARTURE FROM SOCIAL ORIGIN: TRENDS IN SOCIAL FLUIDITY IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC BETWEEN 1990 AND 2011
The authors analyse trends in social fluidity between 1990 and 2011 in Czech society and examine how the transition from socialism to capitalism has affected these trends. The data consist of 28 annual surveys conducted in the Czech Republic between 1990 and 2011 (N=28,726). The results show that social fluidity in Czech society decreased between 1989 and 2000. This is the result of social change (the period effect), namely, intra generational changes, which the authors conceptualise as a return to social origin. These changes are related to the re-stratification of Czech society after 1989. The period of return to social origin ends sometime around the year 2000. After that, the trend reverses and social fluidity slowly increases. The authors argue that the period of return to social origin is replaced by a period of departure from social origin. This shift is the effect of the educational expansion that has occurred since 1989 in Czech society and cohort replacement.
655 – 685