Odpowiedzialność jako podstawowe pojęcie fiozofii przyszłości
RESPONSIBILITY AS A BASIC CONCEPT OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE FUTURE
This paper aims to give a synthetic account of the shock that the concept of responsibility experienced in the 20th century, having advanced from being a legal and moral concept to being a fundamental existential and ontological notion. According to the new understanding of responsibility, it is not freedom but responsibility itself that constitutes human subjectivity. Responsibility turns out to be prior to all the choices we make, prior to freedom. It is also a thoroughly positive phenomenon, i.e. accounting for all the good that a person is equipped with and directing him towards the future, as opposed to its negative construal, where it was generally a consequence of some evil deed committed in the past. This new understanding of responsibility is presented as a fundamental concept of the “new way of thinking” that the future will demand of us.