Príspevok k dejinám tretieho protektorátneho transportu do Niska po príchode na Slovensko
CONTRIBUTION ON THE HISTORY OF THE THIRD PROTECTORATE TRANSPORT TO NISKO AFTER COMING TO SLOVAKIA
In February 1940, a transport of 105 Jews was despatched from Sosnowiec to Slovakia. It consisted of persons who had been deported from Ostrava to Nisko and back to Sosnowiec in November 1939 (Transport Nr. 3), chiefly Polish citizens who lived in Czechoslovakia before WWII. The Slovakian authorities consisted to an interim stay of these people, hoping that they would soon emigrate, but it turned out to be impossible. They were taken to Vyhne (district Nová Baňa) and put up in the health resort buildings confiscated from a Jewish owner. The camp´s inmates received their subsistence from American Joint and the rigours were not exceedingly harsh (they could receive a pass enabling them to receive treatment or to work outside the camp and a kindergarten and school were set up for the children). In 1942, Vyhne was transformed into a labour camp and its inmates had to work in workshops for free. In 1942 one part of the inmates avoided deportations to death camps (Auschwitz, district Lublin). The Vyhne camp operated until the outbreak of the Slovak National Uprising (August 1944). At this time it is not possible to determine how many of its inmates the war survived.