NESTANDARDNÍ FINANČNÍ POMOC POTŘEBNÝM ZE STRANY OBCÍ: PŘÍPADOVÁ STUDIE VLIVU ÚŘEDNÍKŮ NA DESIGN POLITIKY
Financial aid above the legal standard at the municipal level: Case study of the influence of civil servants on policy design
The paper explores various policy designs of financial aid provided above the legal standard in some of the municipalities in the Czech Republic and aims to describe the specifics of those of the designs which were introduced by civil servants. The paper is theoretically based on the concepts of social construction of target populations, street-level bureaucracy and co-operation between politicians and civil servants. The case study of nine policy designs of the financial aid in five Czech municipalities reveal that both the role of civil servants introducing policy and the level of their discretion are derived from the relationship of the civil servant with respective politician. Financial aid introduced by civil servants has – compared to the aid introduced by politicians – lower budget and its target populations are narrower. At the same time, the civils servants´ designs support individuals from generally negatively constructed populations who are usually addressed by repressive policies.
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