Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2009 | 40 | 1 | 46-53
Tytuł artykułu

Resiliency, stress appraisal, positive affect and cardiovascular activity

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In accordance with the undoing hypothesis (Fredrickson, Levenson, 1998), evoked positive affect speeds up the cardiovascular system recovery in a stressful situation. An attempt was made to replicate this finding in an experimental study. Individuals characterized by high resiliency levels are capable of more efficient utilization of positive emotions in a stressful situation. Since in earlier research no relationship had been found between resiliency and a tendency to appraise stress as a challenge, this study investigated a possible mediating function of a more specific dimension of cognitive appraisal, i.e. that in terms of activity-oriented challenge appraisal (Wlodarczyk, Wrzesniewski, 2005). The study shows that evoked positive affect does not lead to a faster recovery. However, highly resilient individuals turned out to achieve higher levels of positive affect in a stressful situation; this effect was mediated by challenge-activity appraisals.
Opis fizyczny
source-id: PPB_40_1\XW4612X1V1429K40.xml
Rodzaj publikacji
  • Lukasz Kaczmarek, Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza, Instytut Psychologii, Zaklad Psychologii Zdrowia i Psychologii Klinicznej, ul. Szamarzewskiego 89a. 60-568 Poznan, Poland
  • Barron, R. M., Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Bratslavsky, E., Finkenauer, C., Vohs, K. D. (2001). Bad is stronger than good.Review of General Psychology, 5, 323-370.
  • Bedi, M., Varshney, V. P., Babbar, R. (2000). Role of cardiovascular reactivity to mental stress in predicting future hypertension.Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, 22, 1-22.
  • Block, J., Kremen, A. M. (1996). IQ and Ego-Resiliency: conceptual and empirical connections and separateness.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 349-361.
  • Brzozowski, P. (1995).Adaptacja Skali Uczuć Pozytywnych i Negatywnych PANAS autorstwa Dawida Watsona. (Adaptation of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule PANAS by David Watson).Unpublished research report.
  • Epel, E. S., McEwen, B. S., Ickovics, J. R. (1998). Embodying psychological thriving: physical thriving in response to stress.Journal of Social Issues, 54, 301-322.
  • Folkman, S., Moskowitz, J. T. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping.American Psychologist, 55, 644-653.
  • Mikels, J. A., Fredrickson, B. L., Larkin, G. R., Lindberg, C. M., Maglio, S. J., & Reuter-Lorenz, P. A. (2005). Emotional category data on images from the International Affective Picture System.Behavior Research Methods, 37, 626-630.
  • Fredrickson, B. L. (1998). What good are positive emotions?Review of General Psychology, 2, 300-319.
  • Fredrickson, B. L. (2000). Cultivating research on positive emotions.Prevention and Treatment, 3.
  • Fredrickson, B. L., Levenson, R. W. (1998). Positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions.Cognition and Emotion, 12, 191-220.
  • Fredrickson, B. L., Mancuso, R. A., Branigan, Ch., Tugade, M. M. (2000). The undoing effect of positive emotions.Motivation and Emotion, 24, 237-258.
  • Fredrickson, B. L, Tugade, M. M., Waugh, Ch. W., Larkin, G. R. (2003). What good are positive emotions in crises? A prospective study of resilience and emotions following the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11th, 2001.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 365-376.
  • Gross, J. J., Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion regulation. Conceptual foundations. In: J. J. Gross (Ed.),Handbook of emotion regulation(pp. 3-24). Guilford Publications.
  • Heszen, I., Sęk, H. (2007).Psychologia zdrowia (Health psychology).Warsaw: PWN Scientific Publishers.
  • Kaczmarek, Ł. (2007).Pozytywny afekt i zasoby odpornościowe a aktywność sercowo-naczyniowa w sytuacji stresu (Positive affect and resiliency resources in relation to cardiovascular activity).Poznań: Unpublished doctoral dissertation.
  • Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K., McGuire, L., Robles, Th. F., Glaser, R. (2002). Psychoneuroimmunology: psychological influences on immune function and health.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.70, 537-547.
  • Lang, P. J., Bradley, M. M., Cuthbert, B. N. (2005).International affective picture system (IAPS): Digitized photographs, instruction manual and affective ratings. Technical Report A-6.University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
  • Larsen, J. T., Hemenover, S. H., Norris, C. J., Cacioppo, J. T. (2004). Czerpanie korzyści z niepowodzeń: o zaletach współpobudzania emocji pozytywnych i negatywnych (Turning adversity to advantage. On the virtues of coactivation of positive and negative emotions). In: J. Czapiński (Ed.)Psychologia pozytywna.Nauka o szczęściu, zdrowiu, sile i cnotach człowieka (Positive psychology.The science of happiness, health, strength and virtues of man) (pp. 303-316). Warsaw: PWN Scientific Publishers.
  • Lazarus, R. S. (2000). Toward better research on stress and coping.American Psychologist, 55, 665-673.
  • Letzring, T. D., Block, J., Funder, D. C. (2005). Ego-control and egoresiliency: Generalization of self-report scales based on personality descriptions from acquaintances, clinicians, and the self.Journal of Research in Personality, 39, 395-422.
  • Levenson, R. W. (1999). The intrapersonal functions of emotion.Cognition and Emotion, 13, 481-504.
  • McEwen, B., Lasley, E. N. (2003). Allostatic load: when protection gives way to damage.Advances, 19, 28-33.
  • Preacher, K. J., Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models.Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717-731.
  • Pressman, S. Cohen, Sh. (2005). Does positive affect influence health?Psychological Bulletin, 131, 925-971.
  • Roy, M. P., Steptoe, A., Kirschbaum, C. (1998). Life events and social support as moderators of individual differences in cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1273-1281.
  • Schwartz, A. R., Gerin, W., Davidson, K. W., Pickering, T. G., Brosschot, J. F., Thayer, J. F., Christenfeld, N., Linden, W. (2003). Toward a causal model of cadiovascular responses to stress and the development of cardiovascular disease.Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 22-35.
  • Sęk, H. (2007). Udział pozytywnych emocji w mechanizmach osiągania zdrowia (The role of positive emotions in mechanisms of health attainment). Paper presented at the conference "Health psychology in search of positive inspirations", Zakopane, 18-20 May 2007.
  • Sosnowski, T. (2002).Zadania umysłowe a aktywność sercowonaczyniowa (Mental tasks and cardiovascular activity).Sopot: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.
  • Steptoe, A., Wardle, J., Marmot, M. (2005). Positive affect and healthrelated neuroendocrine, cardiovascular, and inflammatory processes.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 6508-6512.
  • Tugade, M. M. & Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Resilient individuals use positive emotions to bounce back from negative emotional experiences.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 320-333.
  • Uchino, B. N., Cacioppo, J. T., Kiecolt-Glaser, J. K. (1996). The relationship between social support and physiological processes: a review with emphasis on underlying mechanisms and implications for health.Psychological Bulletin, 119, 488-531.
  • Watson, D., Clark, L. A., Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and Validation of Brief Measures of Positive and Negative Affect: The PANAS Scales.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070.
  • Włodarczyk, D. (2004). Ocena stresu a wybrane obszary psychologicznego funkcjonowania chorych po zawale serca (Stress appraisal and selected spheres of psychological functioning in MI patients). In: K. Wrześniewski, D. Włodarczyk (Eds).Choroba niedokrwienna serca. Psychologiczne aspekty leczenia i zapobiegania ([Ischemic heart disease. Psychological aspects of treatment and prevention)(pp.107-128). Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.
  • Włodarczyk, D., Wrześniewski, K. (2005). Ocena stresu w kategoriach wyzwania u chorych po zawale serca - próba syntezy na podstawie danych empirycznych (Stress appraisal in terms of challenge in post-MI patients - an attempt at a synthesis based on empirical data).Przegląd Psychologiczny, 48, 339-359.
  • Wolf, K., Mass, R., Ingenbleek, T., Kiefer, F., Naber, D. & Wiedemann, K. (2005). The facial pattern of disgust, appetence, excited joy and relaxed joy: An improved facial EMG study.Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 46, 403-409.
Typ dokumentu
CEJSH db identifier
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.