SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION AND INFRAHUMANIZATION OF OUTGROUP MEMBERS
In the present study the hypothesis of J. Ph. Leyens was tested that social categorization results in infrahumanization of outgroup members. The phenomenon manifests in a tendency to attribute specifically human, positive and negative secondary emotions more to the ingroup than to outgroups, without parallel differences on primary emotions. Additionally, the relationship between the outgroup infrahumanization and ingroup bias was tested. In line with expectations it appeared that general high school participants were more likely to attribute secondary emotions both positive and negative to the ingroup than to the outgroup (vocational high school students). However, the ingroup-outgroup distinction had no impact on attribution of primary emotions. It is worth to notice that the effect emerged despite the lack of real conflict between the groups. Furthermore participants attributed significantly more positive emotions to the ingroup members than to the outgroup members. This finding indicates the emergence of ingroup bias. Other results of the study suggest that outgroup infrahumanization is a phenomenon relatively independent of ingroup bias.
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