'THE METHODOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGH' IN 'PRZEGLAD HISTORYCZNY' IN COMPARISON WITH SELECTED HISTORICAL PERIODICALS IN CENTRAL-EASTERN EUROPE
The article deals with the scale of the domination of the Stalinist version of Marxist historiosophy in 'Przeglad Historyczny' (Historical Review) during the 1950s. The characteristic features of the discussed current of historiography in the Central–Eastern Europe included, alongside methodology patterned on the Soviet counterpart and a striving towards the non-admission of unhampered scientific discussion, also two dominating topics: a search for the 'progressive' national traditions and debates on new syntheses of national history, written from a communist point of view. In order to better ascertain the examined phenomenon, the author compared the contents of 'Przeglad Historyczny' with those of other 'central' historical periodicals published in Warsaw (Kwartalnik Historyczny), East Berlin (Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft), Prague (Ceskoslovenský Casopis Historický) and Bratislava (Historický Casopis Slovenskej Akadémie Vied) as well as two regional Czech periodicals ('Casopis Matice Moravské' and 'Slezský Sbornik'). The author discovered that at the beginning of the period in question all the publications were dominated by Marxist historiography although the provincial Czech periodicals succumbed to this trend with a certain delay, while 'Przeglad Historyczny' included non-Marxist texts as late as 1950, to be followed by presentations of pre-Marxist historiography. In 1956 the editorial boards of the Polish and central Czechoslovak periodicals relatively rapidly abandoned the Stalinist canon; the Czech provincial periodicals did so with a slight delay, while in 'Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft' symptoms of a departure from this canon were scarce and short-lived. In conclusion, the author stressed that the opinion claiming that the impact of Stalinism was, for all practical purposes, imperceptible in 'Przeglad Historyczny' cannot be upheld while in 1956 the editorial boards of both Polish periodicals benefited from the then emergent possibility of expanding the freedom of speech (albeit limited) and retained this relative liberty up to the end of communist rule.
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