THE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE UN IN RUSSIAN ASPIRATIONS TO CREATE A MULTIPOLAR INTERNATIONAL ORDER (Rola i znaczenie ONZ w rosyjskim dazeniu do zbudowania wielobiegunowego ladu miedzynarodowego)
The United Nations is an institution with a vital role to play in carrying through Russia's multipolar foreign policy line. In the eyes of the Russian establishment, the UN is a fundamental mechanism, having a crucial impact on the shaping of world order and security. Increasing that organisation's prestige on the international forum, and strengthening Russia's position within the organisation, is intended to counteract the negative tendency toward preserving the hegemony of one international centre based on a dominant and closed group comprising the most highly developed states, with the USA at their fore. Amongst the operations which Russia perceives as offering the prospect of strengthening the UN and, simultaneously, increasing its influence on the shaping of world order, are its activities to combat terrorism, launched on a wide scale, and with Russia's active support, following 11th September 2001; the organisation's involvement in solving the world's crisis situations is similarly perceived. The Russian government endeavours to utilise its position as a permanent member of the UN Security Council in order to promote a vision of a multipolar world order, since her representatives are convinced that multipolarity, based on the provisions of the international law developed by the UN will provide the most just and secure international order for the 21st century, an order within which every state will make its own contribution toward building a world free from violence and confrontation.
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