HISTORIAN AS A SOCIAL PSYCHOTHERAPIST (ETHICAL ASSUMPTIONS OF PSYCHOHISTORICAL WRITINGS
The author discusses the ethical foundations of the psycho-historical paradigm in history. This paradigm enriches history with the idea of a special social function. Psycho-historians carried out their work with the conviction of the meaning and social value of their research. They viewed themselves as psychotherapists against the human irrational attitudes, the aggression and destruction, which they saw as inherent part of historical sciences. Psycho-historians adopted for their needs various elements of psychoanalytical methodology, as well as ethic foundations from psychoanalysts' practice. The author arguments are supported with numerous examples. Concluding, he states that the therapeutic inclinations of psychohistory resulted in it being pushed outside the closed circle of 'scholarly' history, what did not prevent psycho-historians from becoming active outside it.
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