BULLYING AT WORK: EFFECTS OF THE VICTIM'S PRO AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORS AND OF THE HARASSED'S OVERVICTIMIZATION ON THE JUDGMENTS OF HELP-GIVING
According to Weiner's model, help-giving has various determinants such as social and individual causes, affects and responsibility. The aim of this study was to test the determinants of help in bullying cases. Sixty scenarios of bullying at work, varying according to the kind of harassment, the victim's pro or antisocial behaviors, and the victim's antecedents of bullying, were given to sixty participants (30 men and 30 women of superior / subordinate status in hospital/company). They had to judge the probability of helping. The results showed that the intention of help-giving increased 1) with the kind of bullying: persons whose health was attacked received more assistance than insulated persons, 2) with the victim's pro social behaviors as opposed to antisocial behaviors and, 3) when the persons had no antecedents: unovervictimized persons received more help than overvictimized ones.
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