Discourses and Orders of Discourses in Social Heteroglossia
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This article aims to discuss and elaborate theoretical problems that concern the discourse analysis and its possible connections with semiotics, literary theory and hermeneutics. The author begins with the arguments that most of linguistic scholarship has not derived sufficiently from the mentioned disciplines and has not interacted with them. The article is divided into three sections. In the first section the issue of parole is discussed. The discourse is presented as any linguistic production that is, on the one hand, determined by a multidimensional viewpoint encoded into it and, on the other hand, is responsible for creating discursive communities in social reality. All discourses, in turn, form the social heteroglossia. This Bakhtinian idea, including centripetal and centrifugal forces employed in a constitution of linguistic reality, is elaborated on at the end of the first part of the article. The following section deals with the ritualization and the self-control of discursive practices that occur in any discursive community (the notion coined by Foucault, 'order of discourse', is introduced). The third section addresses the status of words in orders of discourses, their axiology, semantics (understood as pragmatics) and semiotics as well as their dialogic identity. In the conclusion, the author emphasizes some critical remarks concerning some epistemological and ideological fundaments of Critical Discourse Analysis.
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