FROM YEARNING TO RECRUITMENT. AN OUTLINE OF REPATRIATION OF PAF'S SOLDIERS TO POLAND IN 1945-1948 (Od tesknoty do werbunku. Szkic o przebiegu repatriacji zolnierzy PSZ na Zachodzie do Polski w latach 1945-1948)
In 1945-1948 over 114 thousand soldiers returned to Poland from the troops of Polish Armed Forces (PAF) and Polish Resettlement Corps. This work presents the course of repatriation to Poland starting from a decision made by a PAF's soldier to return and finishing with his coming back to the motherland. While making a decision on returning to the homeland, Polish Armed Forces' soldiers theoretically only had to follow a simple procedure that was to lead them back to their country. However, the repatriation conditions were not stable - they underwent changes. A possibility of declaring willingness to leave the PAF's troops and return to Poland existed even before the launch of the organized repatriation. Mass selection of those willing to return to the country took place on 21st September 1945 when the British authorities carried out a survey among the PAF's soldiers to indicate those willing to be repatriated. Their repatriation was not uniform. At the beginning (app. until the middle of 1946), the procedure was facilitated to a great extent, e.g., many formalities were arranged in soldiers' camps. After 14th February 1946 the repatriation process became subject to strict repatriating procedures. Even though earlier the British authorities could include in the repatriation transport soldiers who had not been covered by registration procedures, etc., after February 1946 it was hardly possible. After being transported to Poland, the soldiers underwent compulsory registration, their property was checked, any letters or documents and publications were seized. Communist security organs carried out recruitment in the points of repatriates' admissions and registration.
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