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2008 | 18 | 1 | 37-51
Tytuł artykułu

On Narrow and Broad P-Theme Paragraphs

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EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper follows in principle the paragraph typology pioneered by Mathesius (1942/1982) and Danes (1995). In this study the original paragraph types are established on a wider range of tentative criteria which include at least the relationship between the Paragraph Theme and the (FSP) themes, (i.e. the degree of in/stability of choices from the Thematic area, affecting the range of the thematic Discourse Subjects and their variability across the paragraph); the types, arrangement and hierarchy of thematic progressions; the type of thematic paradigm (the cohesive ties and means involved in thematic units); the role assigned to thematic progressions and cohesive links (their incidence); and the placement and characteristics of the Paragraph Theme exponents. Furthermore, the paper posits a decisive opposition between the two paragraph supratypes - viz. narrow and broad Paragraph Theme ones. These two major types of paragraphs represent two opposite ends of a relatively continuous cline and epitomize two radically different configurations of features following from the above criteria. The choice between the two constructional patterns, however, is determined primarily by the author's intent, including the manner of his/her presentation of the particular content. What is more, given the recursive tendencies in the build-up of texts, the concepts of narrow vs. broad Theme may be extended to apply virtually to any level of macrotextual build-up.
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Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
1
Strony
37-51
Opis fizyczny
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ARTICLE
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autor
  • R. Pipalova, Linguistica Pragensia, Ustav pro jazyk cesky AV CR, v.v.i., Letenska 4, 118 51 Praha 1, Czech Republic, http://dlib.lib.cas.cz/3148/
Bibliografia
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  • Daneš, F. ed. (1974): Papers on Functional Sentence Perspective. Academia, Praha.
  • Daneš, F. (1989): Functional Sentence Perspective and Text Connectedness. In: Text and Discourse Connectedness. M.-E. Conte - J. S. Petöfi - E. Sözer, eds., John Benjamins Publishing Co., Amsterdam/Philadelphia, 23-31.
  • Daneš, F. (1994): Odstavec jako centrální jednotka tematicko-kompoziční výstavby textu (na materiále textů výkladových). In: Slovo a slovesnost, 55, ÚJČ AV ČR, Praha, 1-17.
  • Daneš, F. (1995): Paragraph - A Central Unit of the Thematic and Compositional Build-up of Texts. In: Organization in Discourse. Proceedings from the Turku Conference. B. Warwik - S. K. Tanskanen - R. Hiltunen, eds., Anglicana Turkuensia 14, University of Turku, Turku, 29-40.
  • Dubois, B. L. (1992): From Narrative toward Exposition: Materials and Methods Sections of Biomedical Journal Articles. S. J. Huang - W. R. Merrifield, eds., Festschrift for R. E. Longacre. TX, Dallas, 1-49.
  • Firbas, J. (1995): On the Thematic and the Rhematic Layers of a Text. In: Organization in Discourse. Proceedings from the Turku Conference. B. Warwik - S. K. Tanskanen - R. Hiltunen, eds., Anglicana Turkuensia 14, University of Turku, Turku, 59-72.
  • Geluykens, R. (1991): Information Flow in English Conversation: A New Approach to the Given - New Distinction. In: Functional and Systemic Linguistics. Approaches and Uses. Trends in Linguistics, Studies and Monographs 55. E. Ventola, ed., Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin/New York, 141-167.
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  • Le, E. (2004): The Role of Paragraphs in the Construction of Coherence - Text Linguistic and Translation Studies. IRAL 42 (3), 259-275.
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  • Mathesius, V. (1942/1982): Umění psát odstavce (The Art of Paragraph Writing). Řeč a sloh. In: Jazyk, kultura a slovesnost. Odeon, Praha, 92-146.
  • Mukařovský, J. (2000): Standard Language and Poetic Language (1932). In: The Routledge Language and Cultural Theory Reader. L. Burke - T. Crowley - A. Girvin, eds., Chapter 23, Routledge, London/New York, 225-230.
  • Pípalová, R. (2005a): On the Global Textual Theme and Other Textual Hyperthemes. Linguistica Pragensia 15(2), 57-86.
  • Pípalová, R. (2005b): On Central Paragraphs with a Stable P-Theme. In: Patterns. A Festschrift for Libuše Dušková. J. Čermák - A. Klégr - M. Malá - P. Šaldová, eds., FFUK/KMF, Praha, 157-167.
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  • MARSHALL, S. (1996): English Folk Tales. London, Phoenix Giant.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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