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2017 | Vol. 43, nr 3 | 287--303
Tytuł artykułu

Local community e-waste awareness and behavior. Polish case study

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
e-Waste awareness and behavior of local Polish community has been examined. Specifically, the issue of selective waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) collection has been explored. The main objectives of the research was to evaluate an attitude of the individuals towards e-waste treatment and to recognize the causes of low efficiency of the current WEEE management. The research was conducted among the inhabitants of a small town in Poland. Collected data may be useful while preparing household WEEE management systems. Over 52% of respondents, each was a representative of one household, conducted selective electrical and electronic equipment waste collection. Unfortunately, 12% (mostly young people aged 16-25, 9%) admitted that they threw e-waste mixed with general municipal waste. Another 12% (aged 18-25) claimed that they had never disposed of WEEE. Nowadays, the technology is developing very fast and small electronic devices are frequently exchanged, so the above mentioned statement is unlikely to be true. The research survey confirmed that further costs should be borne on educational activities which will raise people's awareness concerning WEEE threats and motivate them to collect e-waste selectively. The improvement of the management system increasing the number of e-waste drop off points, is necessary as well.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
287--303
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 25 poz., tab., rys.
Twórcy
  • Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland,, iwona.pasiecznik@pwr.edu.pl
  • Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland,
autor
  • Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Graduate from Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Bibliografia
  • ELECTRONIC WASTE; RECYCLING WORKERS; AGBOGBLOSHIE; MANAGEMENT; KNOWLEDGE; METALS; CHINA; GHANA
  • [1] FREEGARD K., TAN G., MORTON R., COGGINS C., FORES D., ALGER M., CRACKNELL P., MAEURER A., STUDDS P., FREER E., HUSIMAN J., Develop a process to separate brominated flame retardants from WEEE polymers, Final Report, 2006. Available from: www.wrap.org.uk (accessed 9.10.2014).
  • [2] KIDDEE P., NAIDU R., WONG M.H., Electronic Waste Manage. approaches. An overview, Waste Manage., 2013, 33 (5), 1237.
  • [3] FRAZZOLI C., ORISAKWE O.E., DRAGONE R., MANTOVANI A., Diagnostic health risk assessment of electronic waste on the general population in developing countries’ scenarios, Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., 2010, 30 (6), 388.
  • [4] JULANDER A., LUNDGRENA L., SKAREA L., GRANDÉRA M., PALMA B., VAHTERA M., LIDÉNA C., Formal recycling of e-waste leads to increased exposure to toxic metals: An occupational exposure study from Sweden, Environ. Int., 2014, 73, 243.
  • [5] BALDÉ C.P., WANG F., KUEHR R., HUISMAN J., The global e-waste monitor 2014, United Nations University, IAS-SCYCLE, Bonn, Germany, 2015.
  • [6] HUISMAN J., BOTEZATU I., HERRERAS L., LIDDANE M., HINTSA J., LUDA DI CORTEMIGLIA V., LEROY P., VERMEERSCH E., MOHANTY S., VAN DEN BRINK S., GHENCIU B., DIMITROVA D., NASH E., SHRYANE T., WIETING M., KEHOE J., BALDÉ C.P., MAGALINI F., ZANASI A., RUINI F., BONZIO A., Countering WEEE Illegal Trade (CWIT). Summary Report, Market Assessment, Legal Analysis, Crime Analysis and Recommendations Roadmap, Lyon, France, 2015.
  • [7] AFROZ R., MASUD M.M., AKHTAR R., DUASA J., Survey and analysis of public knowledge, awareness and willingness to pay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. A case study on household WEEE management, J. Cleaner Prod., 2013, 52, 185.
  • [8] ROBINSON B.H., e-Waste. An assessment of global production and environmental impacts, Sci. Total Environ., 2009, 408, 183.
  • [9] HIRSCH A., Ghana accuses UK recycling firm Environcom of illegal fridge imports, The Guardian, 4 November 2013. Available from: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/04/ghana-uk-environcom- illegal-fridge-imports (accessed: 9.10.2014).
  • [10] STHIANNOPKAO S., WONG M.H., Handling e-waste in developed and developing countries. Initiatives, practices, and consequences, Sci. Total Environ., 2013, 463–464, 1147.
  • [11] WITTSIEPE J., FOBIL J.N., TILL H., BURCHARD G.D., WILHELM M., FELDT T., Levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and biphenyls (PCBs) in blood of informal e-waste recycling workers from Agbogbloshie, Ghana, and controls, Environ. Inte., 2015, 79, 65.
  • [12] FELDT T., FOBIL J.N., WITTSIEPE J., WILHELM M., TILL H., ZOUFALY A., BURCHARD G., GÖEN T., High levels of PAH-metabolites in urine of e-waste recycling workers from Agbogbloshie, Ghana, Sci. Total Environ., 2014, 466–467, 369.
  • [13] Official Journal the European Union, Directive 2012/19/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE).
  • [14] J. Laws of the Republic of Poland, Act as of 11 September 2015 on WEEE J. Laws 2015, position 1688 (in Polish).
  • [15] Chief Inspectorate of Environmental Protection (CIEP), Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Management System Functioning Report, 2007–2015 (in Polish).
  • [16] Central Statistical Office (CSO), Household budget survey in 2012, Warsaw 2013.
  • [17] Journal of Laws of the Republic of Poland: Parliament Speaker’s notice as of 13 September 2013 concerning consolidated text of Act on cleanliness., J. Laws, 2013, position 1399 (in Polish).
  • [18] Public Information Bulletin (PIB), Lwówek Śląski commune and town: Selective Municipal Waste drop off point in Lwówek Śląski – regulations, 2013. Available from: http://www.bip.lwowekslaski. pl/wiadomosci/1/wiadomosc/219345 (accessed: 19.10.14) (in Polish).
  • [19] DE FEO G., DE GISI S., Public opinion and awareness towards MSW and separate collection program mes. A sociological procedure for selecting areas and citizens with low level of knowledge, Waste Manage., 2010, 30, 958.
  • [20] HUISMAN J., MAGALANI F., KUEHR R., MAURER C., 2008 Review of Directive 2002/96 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE). Final Report, United Nation University, Bonn, Germany, 2007.
  • [21] CUI J., ZHANG L., Metallurgical recovery of metals from electronic waste. A review, J. Hazard. Mater., 2008, 158, 228.
  • [22] BANASZKIEWICZ K., PASIECZNIK I., RACZ P., Evaluation of effectiveness of municipal solid waste collection, [in:] T. Traczewska (Ed.), Interdisciplinary issues in engineering and environmental protection, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej, Wrocław 2013, 23–33 (in Polish).
  • [23] CHI X., WANG M.Y.L., REUTER M.A., E-waste collection channels and household recycling behaviors in Taizhou of China, J. Cleaner Prod., 2014, 80, 87.
  • [24] LI J., ZENG X., CHEN M., OGUNSEITAN O.A., STEVELS A., Control-Alt-Delete: rebooting solutions for the e-waste problem, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2015, 49 (12), 7095.
  • [25] GU Y., WU Y., XU M., MY X., ZUO T., Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) recycling for a sustainable resource supply in the electronics industry in China, J. Cleaner Production, 2016, 127, 331.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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