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2017 | Vol. 43, nr 3 | 93--112
Tytuł artykułu

Adsorption kinetics of fluoride on bone char and its regeneration

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The adsorbent of bone char (BC), produced from the pyrolysis of crushed animal bones, was dominated by the mesopores of the Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) surface area. The optimal condition for defluoridation with BC was a pH level near 5.0. Chloride and nitrate ions could increase fluoride adsorption capacity in contrast with the effect of sulfate and carbonate ions. The interchangeability between fluoride and hydroxyl groups on BC sorbent was proved by the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Langmuir equation had a better correlation coefficient than the Freundlich equation at various temperatures. Thermodynamic parameters such as Delta G degrees, Delta H degrees, Delta S degrees, Ea and S*, have been calculated to describe the nature of fluoride adsorption onto BC. Negative Delta G degrees and Delta H degrees values at various temperatures indicate a spontaneous process, and its exothermic effect, respectively. However, a positive Delta S degrees value represents an increasing process for entropy. The E-a and S* values ranging from 5 to 40 kj.mol-1 and 0 to 1, respectively, demonstrated that the adsorption is dominated by physical process, although the adsorption kinetic process was involved external diffusion, intraparticle diffusion and chemical reaction equilibrium stage. A high concentration of NaOH solution increases efficiency of removing adsorbed F- ions from the BC surface.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
93--112
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 28 poz., tab., rys.
Twórcy
autor
  • School of Resources Environmental and Chemical Engineering, NanChang University, Jiangxi Nanchang, 330031, China
  • College of Ecology and Resource Engineering, WuYi University, Fujian Wuyishan, 354300, China
autor
  • School of Resources Environmental and Chemical Engineering, NanChang University, Jiangxi Nanchang, 330031, China
autor
  • College of Ecology and Resource Engineering, WuYi University, Fujian Wuyishan, 354300, China
autor
  • College of Ecology and Resource Engineering, WuYi University, Fujian Wuyishan, 354300, China
autor
  • Graduate Institute of Environmental Management, Tajen University, Pingtung, Taiwan, lai@tajen.edu.tw
Bibliografia
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  • [4] LIU H., DENG S.B., LI Z.J., YU G., HUANG J., Preparation of Al-Ce hybrid adsorbent and its application for defluoridation of drinking water, J. Hazard. Mater., 2010, 179, 424.
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  • [14] MEDELLIN-CASTILLO N.A., LEYVA-RAMOS R., OCAMPO-PEREZ R., GARCIA R.F., ARAGON-PIRIA A., MARTINEZ-ROSALES J.M., GUERRERO-CORONADO R., FUENTES-RUBIO M.L., Adsorption of fluoride from water solution on bone char, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2007, 46 (26), 9205.
  • [15] MA Y., SHI F., ZHENG X., MA J., GAO C., Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using granular acid-treated bentonite (GHB). Batch and column studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 2011, 185 (2–3), 1073.
  • [16] GAO S., SUN R., WEI Z.G., ZHAO H., LI H., HU F., Size-dependent defluoridation properties of synthetic hydroxyapatite, J. Fluor. Chem., 2009, 130, 550.
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  • [20] ESKANDARPOUR A., ONYANGO M.S., OCHIENG A., ASAI S., Removal of fluoride ions from aqueous solution at low pH using schwertmannite, J. Hazard. Mater., 2008, 152 (2), 571.
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  • [22] POINERNA G.E.J., GHOSH M.K., NG Y.J., ISSA T.B., ANAND S., SINGH P., Defluoridation behavior of nanostructured hydroxyapatite synthesized through an ultrasonic and microwave combined technique, J. Hazard. Mater., 2011, 185 (1), 29.
  • [23] ROJAS-MAYORGA C.K., BONILLA-PETRICIOLET A., AGUAYO-VILLARREAL I.A., HERNANDEZ-MONTOYA V., MORENO-VIRGEN M.R., MONTES-MORAN M.A., Optimization of pyrolysis conditions and adsorption properties of bone char for fluoride removal from water, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrol., 2013, 104, 10.
  • [24] WANG G., LIU H., LIU J., QIAO S., LU G.M., MUNROE P., AHN H., Mesoporous LiFePO4/C Nanocomposite Cathode Materials for High Power Lithium Ion Batteries with Superior Performance, Adv. Mater., 2010,22 (44), 4944.
  • [25] YOUNESI M., JAVADPOUR S., BAHROLOLOOM M.E., Effect of heat treatment temperature on chemical compositions of extracted hydroxyapatite from bovine bone ash, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 2011, 20 (8), 1484.
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  • [28] MANDAL S., MAYADEVI S., Defluoridation of water using as-synthesized Zn/Al/Cl anionic clay adsorbent: Equilibrium and regeneration studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 2009, 167 (1–3), 873.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-bc2fd8e5-e76e-402c-a388-3565bc948ed6
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