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2012 | Vol. 19, No. 2 | 289-304
Tytuł artykułu

Research of usage of RRME and alcohol biofuel mixture in diesel engine

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The paper provides the results of an integrated research of the energy, environmental performance and traction indicators and the characteristics of fuel feed and performance of A41, 2F511, VALMET 320 DMG and Audi 1Z highspeed, direct-injection diesel engines when converting their operation from mineral diesel D to the fatty acid esters (RRME and RRBE) and alcohol biodiesel mixtures. The researches are carried out in cooperation of the Lithuanian and Polish partners within the framework of joint scientific projects under EUREKA international scientific program „E!4018 CAMELINA-BIOFUEL”. In the light of the new EU initiatives („White Paper” 2011), 30% optimum part of RRME bio-component in the mixture with D (B30) is validated for practical use. The characteristics of fuel supply and heat generation in a diesel cylinder are under investigation; an explanation of a significant reduction in the harmful component emission (EG) and 2 to 4% increase in the fuel efficiency in case of use of B30 and B10 biodiesels is offered. The presence of the ethanol alcohol component 9E) in D-RME-E and RME-E biofuel mixtures resulted in reduction of CO and NOx emission by 10 to 12% and EG smokiness - by 20% per each 10% increase of E part. The indicated efficiency of performance was increased by 2-2.5%. The indicators of cyclic instability did not exceed the corresponding indicators in diesel operation on D. It is established that the motor properties of tested B30 and B50 biofuels based on butanol and rapeseed oil butyl ester RBE are similar to RME biodiesels and have important advantages over them: the complete solubility of alcohol component and the possibility of B30 (D-RBE) use at ambient temperature up to -30 centigrade. The motor characteristics of the second-generation biodiesels produced from the non-food raw material (Camelina Sativa oil methyl esters) are highly competitive with and even exceed by separate indicators the similar indicators of certified RME biodiesels. It is demonstrated that the conversion of diesels, including the automobile diesels with EGR electronic system, to operation on D-RRME (RME, CSME) biodiesels does not require the change of regulation characteristics of the fuel-feed system. The test of the oxidation stability of D-RME and D-CSME biodiesels performed under operating conditions on S. Lebedevas, G. Lebedeva, J. Žaglinskis VALMET 320 DMG marine diesel proved the stability of the motor, energy, and environmental performance indicators for 7-8 months' biodiesel storage without the addition of antioxidant and for 13-14 months' storage - with the addition of Ionol BS200 antioxidant.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
289-304
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 18 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor
  • Klaipeda University, Maritime Institute Department of Marine engineering I. Kanto Street 7, LT-92123 Klaipeda, Lithuania tel./fax: +370 46 398729, sergejus.lebedevas@ku.lt
Bibliografia
  • [1] Kwanchareon, P., Luengnaruemitchai, A., Jai-In, S., Solubility of a diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blend, its fuel properties, and its emission characteristics from diesel engine, Fuel, 86, 1053- 1061, 2007.
  • [2] Nguyen, D., Honnery, D., Combustion of bio-oil ethanol blends at elevated pressure, Fuel, 87, 232-243, 2008.
  • [3] Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport, OJ L 123, pp. 42-46, 2003.
  • [4] Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 of 29 September 2003 establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers and amending Regulations (EEC) No 2019/93, (EC) No 1452/2001, (EC) No 1453/2001, (EC) No 1454/2001, (EC) 1868/94, (EC) No 1251/1999, (EC) No 1254/1999, (EC) No 1673/2000, (EEC) No 2358/71 and (EC) No 2529/2001. OJ L203, p. 1, 2003.
  • [5] Council Directive 2003/96/EC of 27 October 2003 restructuring the Community framework for the taxation of energy products and electricity. OJ L283, pp. 51-70, 2003.
  • [6] Dunn, R. O. Low-temperature flow properties of vegetable oil/cosolvent blend diesel fuels, Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 79, 7, pp. 709-715, 2002.
  • [7] Lebedev S., Načaev L., Sovieršenstvovanie pokazatelej vysokooborotnyh bizelej unificirovannogo tiporazmera, Monografiâ, Akademiâ Transporta RF AltGU im. I. I. Polzunova, 112 c, 1999.
  • [8] Morin, C., Chauveau, C., Gokalp, I. Droplet voparisation characteristics of vegetable oil drived biofuels at high temperatures, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 21, Is. 1-3, pp. 41-50, 2000.
  • [9] Hačiân A. C., Utilization of spirits in diesel engines, Dvigatelectroenie, Vol. 8. pp. 30-34, 1984.
  • [10] Makarevicienè, V., Sendzikienè, E., Janulis, P., Solubility of multi-component biodiesel fuel systems 2005, Bioresourse technology, 96 (5), 611-616.
  • [11] Wagner, V., Utilization of the alternative fuels in Internal Combustion Engine, Vestnik Altajskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. I. I. Polzunova, 2, 77-86, 2000.
  • [12] Lebedevas, S., Lebedeva, G., Expansion of the Biodiesels Nomenclature in Transport Sector of Lithuania at the Expense of Blended Alcohol Fuels Use, Transport Means, Kaunas, Technologija, 71-74, 2008.
  • [13] Rakopoulos, D. C., Rakopoulos, C. D., Giakoumis, E. G., Papagiannakis, R. G., Kyritsis, D. C., Experimental-stochastic investigation of the combustion cyclic variability in HSDI diesel engine using ethanol–diesel fuel blendsFuel, 87, 1478-1491, 2008.
  • [14] Gershman, I. I., Lebedinskij, A. P., Multifuel diesels, Mashinostrojenye, 221 p., Moskva 1971.
  • [15] Peiretti, P. G., Meineri, G., Fatty acids, chemical composition and organic matter digestibility of seeds and vegetative parts of false flax (Camelina sativa L.) after different lengths of growth, Vol. 133, Is. 3-4, pp. 341-350, 2007.
  • [16] Lebedevas, S., Lebedeva G., Makarevičienė, V., Kazanceva, I., Kazancev, K., Analysis of the Ecological Parameters of the Diesel Engine Powered with Biodiesel Fuel Containing Methyl Esters from Camelina Sativa Oil, Transport, ISSN 1648-4142, 25(1), pp. 22-28, 2010.
  • [17] Thompson, J. C., Peterson, C. L., Reece, D. L., Beck, S. M., Two-year storage study with methyl and ethyl esters of rapeseed, m. Soc. Agric. Eng. 41(4), pp. 931-939, 1998.
  • [18] Lebedevas, S., Vaicekauskas, A., Suškov, P., Presumptions of Effective Operation of Diesel Engines Running on RME Biodiesel, Research on Kinetics of Combustion of RME Biodiesel, Transport, No. 2, pp. 126-133, 2007.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BUJ8-0019-0067
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