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Czasopismo
2011 | Vol. 11, nr 1-2 | 111-144
Tytuł artykułu

Modele LES w badaniach numerycznych procesów spalania w silnikach tłokowych - przegląd literaturowy

Wybrane pełne teksty z tego czasopisma
Warianty tytułu
EN
LES Models for the Numerical Studies of Combustion in Internal Combustion Engines - a Review
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
PL
W niniejszej pracy przedstawiono przegląd literatury w zakresie zastosowania metody symulacji dużych wirów (ang. Large Eddy Simulation) do obliczeń numerycznych spalania w silnikach tłokowych. Jest to znakomite narzędzie obliczeniowe przepływów turbulentnych łączące powszechnie używaną metodę RANS (Reynolds Average Navier Stokes) z DNS (Direct Numerical Simulation). Metoda LES opiera się na zastosowaniu filtra do równań Naviera-Stokesa i wprowadzeniu rozdziału na zjawiska wielkoskalowe (duże wiry) oraz drobno-skalowe. Zjawiska wielko-skalowe są obliczane przez bezpośrednie rozwiązanie przefiltrowanych równań N-S, natomiast drobno-skalowe są modelowane w skali podsiatkowej. Możliwe jest dzięki temu bezpośrednie obliczenie wirów dużych i wirów biorących udział w procesie kaskadowym przekazywania energii. W artykule zawarto dokładny opis metody LES i modeli używanych w skali podsiatkowej. Opisano modele podsiatkowe (SGS) stosowane do modelowania turbulencji wykorzystywane w obliczeniach silników tłokowych. Następnie przedstawiono sposoby rozwiązywania procesu spalania przy użyciu metody LES. Zagadnienie to można rozwiązać w dwojaki sposób: poprzez adaptację modeli spalania z RANS, bądź zastosowanie kinetyki chemicznej wraz modelami spalania w skali podsiatkowej. Głównie dzięki poprawieniu sposobu symulacji turbulencji metoda LES umożliwia uzyskanie lepszych wyników obliczeń w porównaniu z metodą RANS. Dzięki metodzie LES i rozwijającej się technologii komputerowej w najbliższej przyszłości wirtualne silniki będą w stanie w pełni symulować działanie nowych koncepcji systemów spalania przed ich wdrożeniem do produkcji. Wciąż jednak jest wiele problemów do rozwiązania odnośnie modelowania i metod numerycznych.
EN
In this paper a literature review of LES model application to ICE is provided. Large Eddy Simulations (LES) model has become powerful computational tool with application to turbulent flows. It links classical Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) approach and Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS). This modeling approach computes the large eddies explicitly in a time-dependent simulation using the filtered Navier-Stokes equations. Filtering is essentially a mathematical manipulation of the exact Navier-Stokes equations to remove the eddies that are smaller than the size of the filter. LES method resolves the large flow scales that depend directly on the geometry where small scales are modeled by the sub-grid-scale models. With LES it is possible to resolve the essential part of the flow energy, yielding reliable results. Description of LES and its sub-grid scale models for engine applications is reviewed. For combustion processes two approaches can be used: adaptation of the RANS combustion models or the usa of the chemical kinetics for large scale and combustion models in SGS. The LES model provides better solution than RANS in all aspects of calculations. In the near future due to capabilities of the LES methods and increasing computer power a virtual engine test bench can be created which will be capable of predicting the operation of a new engine concept before it is actually built. There are still a lot of open questions concerning basic modeling, numerical methods and CPU issues which should be answered.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
111-144
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 93 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor
  • Politechnika Warszawska, Instytut Techniki Cieplnej 00-665 Warszawa, ul. Nowowiejska 21/25, pjawor@itc.pw.edu.pl
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