Wiedza "praktyczna" i "teoretyczna"
Practical and theoretical knowledge
For centuries so called theory and practice remained two separate disciplines of human activity. A handful of scholars conducted research studies which occasionally, as in the case of Copernicus or Newton resulted in breakthrough achievement. The society, however, was predominantly uneducated and thus unable to absorb scientific knowledge. This situation changed dramatically when the western societies started to implement scientific knowledge into practical inventions. This period marked the beginning of the advance for the Atlantic civilization which was able to outpace the Indian, Arab and Chinese civilizations.