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2004 | Vol. 23 | 59-66
Tytuł artykułu

Radiocarbon in elements of the landscape (Belarus)

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
It was found that in areas distant from an operating NPP the 14C concentration is characterized by values of 105-108 pMC. In the area of the Ignalina plant rather high 14C contents of vegetation (up to 150 pMC), and water of the lake Drisvyaty (127-154 pMC) connected by canals with the Ignalina NPP were noted. Biocarbonates (shells of lake mollusks Anadonta cygnaea and Dreissena, eggs poultry fed) are also enriched in radiocarbon. The concentrations of 14C in plants sampled in 1994-1996 in Gomel region (Chernobyl zone) are similar to those from the Ignalina NPP region and show increased values (up to 130-140 pMC). On the other hand, an emission of the radiocarbon resulted from the Chernobyl accident was recorded in the biosphere, at its concentrations increased toward the plant. So, 14C values were about 200 pMC near Minsk (May-June, 1986) and reached 600-700 pMC near Gomel. These data permit a realistic estimate of the concentrations of the radiocarbon emission at the instant of the accident. The radioisotope is well preserved and its redistribution occurs mainly due to biochemical processes. This is well shown by the radiocarbon distributions in a profile of the soil boggy medium.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
Strony
59-66
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 20 poz., rys.
Twórcy
autor
autor
  • Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Kuprevich Str.7, Minsk, 220141 Republic of Belarus, Mihailov@ns.igs.ac.by
Bibliografia
  • 1. Banys J., 1998: Isotope hydrogeochemical investigation in the region of Ignalina NPP. Isotope Geochemical Research in Baltic Countries and Belarus. Tallinn: 5-15 (in Russian).
  • 2. Buzinny M., Likhtarev I., Los I., Talerko N. and Tsigankov N., 1998: 14C analysis of annual tree rings from the vicinity of the Chernobyl NPP. Radiocarbon 40 (1): 373-380.
  • 3. Gofman J., 1994: The Chernobyl NPP accident: radiation consequences for the present and future generations. Minsk (in Russian).
  • 4. Kovalyukh N., Skripkin V. and Bondarenko G., 1993: Carbon from the Chernobyl accidental discharge in groundwater of the Ukrainian Polessie area. Isotopes in the Hydrosphere. Piatigorsk: 107-108 (in Russian).
  • 5. Kovalyukh N., Sobotovich E. and Skripkin V., 1996: Radiocarbon behavior in living organisms in zone influenced by the accident at the Chernobyl NPP. Geochemical Research in Baltic Region. Lohusalu: 18.
  • 6. Kovalyukh N., Skripkin V. and van der Plicht J., 1998: 14C cycle in the hot zone around Chernobyl. Radiocarbon 40 (1): 391-397.
  • 7. Mazheika I. and Pyatroshyus R., 1992: Application of isotopegeochemical methods to underground water protection in the vicinity of Ignalinskaya NPP. Geokhimia 2: 164-175 (in Russian).
  • 8. Levin I., Kromer B., Schoch-Fisher H., Bruns M., Münnich M., Berdau D., Vogel J. and Münnich K. O., 1985: 25 years of tropospheric 14C observation in Central Europe. Radiocarbon 27(1): 1-19.
  • 9. McNamara N., McCartney M. and Scott E. M., 1998: A review of 14C waste arising from the nuclear industry in the United Kingdom. Radiocarbon 40 (1): 425-432.
  • 10. Mikhailov N., Kolkovsky V., Luchina G. and Pavlova I., 2003: Radiocarbon studies at the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Methodical aspects). Litasphera 1(18). Minsk: 117-126 (in Russian).
  • 11. Mikhailov N., Kovalyukh N., Êlimovich., et al., 1996: Radiocarbon distribution in vegetation of some regions in Belarus. Doklady of Akademii Nauk Balarusi 40 (4): 82-85 (in Russian).
  • 12. Novikov G. Romanov V. and Kapelchikov N., 1994: Influence of Ignalina NPP on condition of Drisvyaty Lake. Bulleten Belorusskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta Seria 2, Khimicheskie, Biologicheskie i Geographicheskie Nauki 1: 63-66 (in Russian).
  • 13. Olson I. U., 1989: Recent 14C activity in the atmosphere “clean air” and the Chernobyl. Radiocarbon 31(3): 740-746.
  • 14. Rublevsky V., Golenetsky S. and Kirdin G., 1979: Radioactive carbon in the biosphere. Atomizdat. Moscow: 196 (in Russian).
  • 15. Salonen L., 1987: Carbon-14 and tritium in air in Finland after the Chernobyl accident. Radiochimica Acta 41: 145-148.
  • 16. Sobotovich E., 1992: Technogenic radionuclides in the Chernobyl NPP influence zone. Radioisotopes in ecological investigations. Kiev: 5-16 (in Russian).
  • 17. Stenstrom K., Skog G., Thornberg C., Erlandsson B., Hellborg R., Mattsson S. and Persson P., 1998: 14C levels in the vicinity of two Swedish nuclear power plants and at two clean-air sites in southernmost Sweden. Radiocabon 40 (1): 433-437.
  • 18. Uchrin G., Hertelendi E., Volent G., Slavik 0., Moravek J., Kobal I. and Vokal B., 1998: 14C measurement at PWR-type nuclear power plants in three middle European countries. Radiocarbon 40 (1): 439-446.
  • 19. Vasilenko I., Osipov V. and Rublevky V., 1992: Radioactive carbon. Priroda 13: 59-65 (in Russian).
  • 20. Vokal B., Burget J., Mohar T. and Franko M., 1996: Measurement of 14C inside Krusko Nuclear Power Plant. Radiation protection in neighbouring countries in Central Europe. Ljubljana: 197-201.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-article-BAT3-0019-0053
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