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2019 | Nr 4 (136) | 88--93
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of Gamma Radiation on the Mechanical Properties of Natural Fabric Reinforced Polyester Composites

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ promieniowania gamma na właściwości mechaniczne kompozytów poliestrowych wzmocnionych tkaniną naturalną
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Two types of composites: (1) pineapple fabric reinforced polyester resin (pineapple/PR) and (2) jute fabric reinforced polyester resin (jute/PR) were prepared and the mechanical properties investigated for various gamma radiation doses ranging from 100-500 krad. Properties like tensile strength, Young’s modulus, elongation-at-break, bending strength, bending modulus and impact strength were increased significantly by 19%, 32%, 45%, 32%, 47% and 20%, respectively, at a dose of 300 krad for pineapple/PR, and by 47%, 49%, 42%, 45%, 52% and 65%, respectively, at a dose of 200 krad for the jute/PR composite in comparison to the non-irradiated composite. Gamma radiation improved the mechanical properties, but overdoses of radiation even caused a reduction in them.
PL
W pracy przygotowano dwa rodzaje kompozytów (1) żywica poliestrowa wzmocniona tkaniną ananasową (Pineapple/PR) i (2) żywica poliestrowa wzmocniona tkaniną jutową (Jute/PR), a następnie zbadano wpływ na właściwości mechaniczne kompozytów różnych dawek promieniowania gamma w zakresie od 100-500 krad. Właściwości takie jak wytrzymałość na rozciąganie, moduł Younga, wydłużenie przy zerwaniu, wytrzymałość na zginanie, moduł zginania i wytrzymałość na uderzenia zostały znacznie polepszone odpowiednio o 19%, 32%, 45%, 32%, 47% i 20% w dawce 300 krad dla Pineapple/PR, podczas gdy odpowiednio 47%, 49%, 42%, 45%, 52% i 65% w dawce 200 krad dla kompozytu Jute/PR w porównaniu z kompozytem nienapromieniowanym. Stwierdzono, że promieniowanie gamma poprawia właściwości mechaniczne kompozytów, ale przy zastosowaniu nadmiernych dawek promieniowania właściwości te ulegają pogorszeniu.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
88--93
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 28 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
  • BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh, abdul.motaleb@buft.edu.bd
  • Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology, Department of Textile Engineering, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kaunas University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Design, Kaunas, Lithuania, rimvydas.milasius@ktu
Bibliografia
  • 1. Väisänen T, Das O, Tomppo L. A review on new bio-based constituents for natural fiberpolymer composites. Journal of Cleaner Production 2017; 149: 582-596.
  • 2. Manimaran P, et al., Study on characterization of Furcraea foetida new natural fiber as composite reinforcement for lightweight applications. Carbohydrate Polymers 2018; 181: 650-658.
  • 3. Tafur CL, Mora EE, Baracaldo RR. Effects of the Vacuum Moulding Process on the Mechanical Properties of Cotton/Epoxy Composite. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe, 2018; 26, 3(129): 93-97. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0011.7309.
  • 4. Faruk O., et al., Progress report on natural fiber reinforced composites. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 2014; 299(1): 9-26.
  • 5. Sepe R, et al., Influence of chemical treatments on mechanical properties of hemp fiber reinforced composites. Composites Part B: Engineering 2018; 133: 210-217.
  • 6. Mwesigwa R, Mwasiagi JI. Use of Statistical Techniques to Characterize Bio-Composites Made from Sisal Fibres and Bio-Resin from Banana Peel. FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe 2018; 26, 3(129): 87-92. DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0011.7308.
  • 7. Kengkhetkit N, Wongpreedee T, Amornsakchai T. Pineapple Leaf Fiber: From Waste to High-Performance Green Reinforcement for Plastics and Rubbers, in Lignocellulosic Composite Materials 2018; Springer. pp. 271-291.
  • 8. Das SC, et al. Effect of Fiber Loading on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Jute Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science 2018; 8(04): 215.
  • 9. Gowda TM, Naidu A, Chhaya R. Some mechanical properties of untreated jute fabricreinforced polyester composites. Composites Part A: applied science and manufacturing 1999; 30(3): 277-284.
  • 10. Raghavendra S, Vindo B, Sudev L. Effect of gamma irradiation on mechanical properties of natural fibers reinforced hybrid composites. Int. J. Sci. Technol. Eng. 2015; 2: 15-23.
  • 11. Lautenschläger MI, et al., Comparison of filler-dependent mechanical properties of jute fiber reinforced sheet and bulk molding compound. Composite Structures 2018; 203: 960-967.
  • 12. Vo DMP, Hoffmann G, Cherif C. Novel weaving technology for the manufacture of 2D net shape fabrics for cost effective textile reinforced composites. Autex Research Journal 2018; 18(3): 251-257.
  • 13. Sanjay M, et al. Characterization and properties of natural fiber polymer composites: A comprehensive review. Journal of Cleaner Production 2018; 172: 566-581.
  • 14. Vasco MC, et al., Gamma radiation effect on sisal/polyurethane composites without coupling agents. Polímeros 2017; 27(2): 165-170.
  • 15. Khan RA et al., Effect of gamma radiation on the performance of jute fabrics-reinforced polypropylene composites. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2009; 78(11): 986-993.
  • 16. Sun D. Surface modification of natural fibers using plasma treatment. Biodegradable Green Composites 2016; 18-39.
  • 17. Mukhopadhyay S, Narula RP, Mayank M. A study of interface behavior in sisal fibre composites–Single fibre pull out test. 2013.
  • 18. Khan MA, et al. Study on the physico-mechanical properties of starch-treated jute yarnreinforced polypropylene composites: Effect of gamma radiation. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering 2009; 48(5): 542-548.
  • 19. Noura H, et al. Effect of gamma irradiation aging on mechanical and thermal properties of alfa fiber–reinforced polypropylene composites: Role of alfa fiber surface treatments. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 2018; 31(5): 598-615.
  • 20. Wiener J, et al. Effect of UV Irradiation on Mechanical and Morphological Properties of Natural and Synthetic Fabric Before and After Nano-Tio2 Padding. Autex Research Journal 2017; 17(4): 370-378.
  • 21. Jafaria R, et al. Effect of Gamma and electron beam irradiation on PAN-carbon fiber composite. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences 2016; 4(1): 1-11.
  • 22. Hoque MA, et al. Effect of γ (gamma)-radiation on mechanical properties of raw and polyethylene glycol-modified bleached jute reinforced polyester composite. World Journal of Engineering 2017; 14(2): 108-113.
  • 23. Ndiaye D, Badji AM, Tidjani A. Physical changes associated with gamma doses on wood/polypropylene composites. Journal of Composite Materials 2014; 48(25): 3063- 3071.
  • 24. Martínez-Barrera G, et al. Polypropylene fibre reinforced polymer concrete: effect of gamma irradiation. Polymers & Polymer Composites 2014; 22(9): 787.
  • 25. Khan MA, et al. Effect of gamma radiation on the physico-mechanical and electrical properties of jute fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 2009; 28(13): 1651-1660.
  • 26. Abdullah-Al-Kafi, et al. Study on the mechanical properties of jute/glass fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyester hybrid composites: Effect of surface modification by ultraviolet radiation. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites 2006; 25(6): 575-588.
  • 27. Rahman AM, et al. Evaluating the performance of gamma irradiated okra fiber reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites: comparative study with jute/PP. Fashion and Textiles 2018; 5(1):28.
  • 28. Shauddin SM, Shaha CK, Khan M. Effects of fiber inclusion and γ radiation on physicomechanical properties of jute caddies reinforced waste polyethylene composite. Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry 2014; 2(4): 91-97.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-5a73af8e-7af3-4a91-b3fd-7e0250e1b53a
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