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2015 | Vol. 41, nr 4 | 181--193
Tytuł artykułu

An overview of municipal solid waste management in Poland. The current situation, problems and challenges

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An overview of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in Poland has been presented. The processes of waste generation and composition have been described and a comprehensive review of MSWM in Poland has been provided, covering some of the important aspects of waste management, such as the current status of waste collection, transport and disposal in Poland. An additional aim of the present work was to identify the potential barriers and the factors affecting waste management as well as provide recommendations for system improvement in Poland and other similar developing countries. An analysis shows that the state of municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Poland is not yet as developed as in many other EU countries. Landfilling is still the predominant method used for the disposal of MSW. Composting and incineration are also used but refer only to a small percentage of the total. According to the latest data (31st December 2014), around 84% of MSW was collected and transported and that ca. 53% was disposed of in landfill, ca. 7% was incinerated at waste-to-energy plants, ca. 11% was treated at organic waste recovery plants and 23% was delivered to sorting. The average generation rate of MSW was 293 kg/capita/year. Generally, recycling in Poland is on the increase, especially concerning easily collectable and recyclable materials such as paper, plastics, glass and metals. Around 37% of MSW collected selectively is recycled.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
181--193
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 24 poz., tab.
Twórcy
autor
  • Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Department of Technologies and Installations for Waste Management, ul. Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland, mohamed.alwaeli@polsl.pl
Bibliografia
  • [1] DAMGHANI A.M., SAVARYPOUR G., ZAND E., DEIHIMFARD R., Municipal solid waste management in Teheran. Current practices, opportunities and challenges, Waste Manage., 2008, 28 (5), 929.
  • [2] AGAPITIDIS I., FRANTZIS I., A possible strategy for municipal solid waste management in Greece, Waste Manage. Res., 1998, 16 (3), 244.
  • [3] VEHLOW J., Biogenic Waste to Energy. An Overview, http://www.ieabioenergytask36.org/Publica tions/2004-2006/Report%209_Biogenic%20Waste.pdf
  • [4] Official Journal, On waste 2013, 2012 December 14, item 21.
  • [5] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2014.
  • [6] Eurostat. Data on municipal waste: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/images/d/d2 /Municipal waste_generated_by_country_in_selected_years_%28kg_per_capita%29_new1.png [Accessed March 27, 2012 ].
  • [7] TCHOBANOGLOUS G., THEISEN H., VIGIL S.A., Integrated Solid Waste Management-Engineering Principles and Management Issues, McGraw-Hill, New York 1993.
  • [8] Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), European Union, Brussels 2002.
  • [9] MICEVSKA O., TASESKA K., Scenario for decreased greenhouse gases emission in Macedonia by successful municipal solid waste management, Analytical Journal, 2008, 1, 7. http://www.logincee.org/file/19614/library [Accessed February 2, 2008].
  • [10] JIN J., WANG Z., RAN S., Solid waste management in Macao: Practices and challenges. Waste Management, 2006, 26 (9), 1045.
  • [11] PAJĄK T., Thermal waste utilization into municipal solid waste management,[in:] Proc. 4th Int. Conf. FORUM Waste Management, Systems of Waste Menagement, Futura Publisher, Poznań 2001, 479 (in Polish).
  • [12] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2001.
  • [13] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2002.
  • [14] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2003.
  • [15] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2004.
  • [16] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2005.
  • [17] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2006.
  • [18] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2007.
  • [19] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2008.
  • [20] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009.
  • [21] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2010.
  • [22] CSO, Environment Protection, Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2012.
  • [23] ALWAELI M., The impact of product charges and EU directives on the level of packaging waste recycling in Poland, Res. Cons. Rec., 2010, 54 (10), 609.
  • [24] Official Journal, Ordinance of the Ministers of environment on the levels of mass limits of biodegradable municipal waste directed to landfilling and the method of the levels calculating, 18 June 2012.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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