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2016 | nr 3 | 79--85
Tytuł artykułu

Ekstrahenty przemysłu hydrometalurgicznego

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Extractants of hydrometallurgical industry
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The rapid development of the hydrometallurgical industry is the answer to the constantly decreasing resources of rich metal ores and the need for separation of metals from low-grade ores, conglomerates and various types of industrial wastes. The development of more effective leaching methods, as well as obtaining new, selective extractants, which are used for the purification of leach solutions in an extraction-stripping step, are the reason for the great progress that has been made in this industry. The appropriate selection of the extraction conditions (pH, the concentration of an extractant, the presence of a modifier) can highlight the advantages of the extractant and minimize its disadvantages, and thereby it makes the extraction process highly efficient. The use of selective extractants in relation to the selected metal ions, reduces the total cost of the recovery of metals from ores and secondary raw materials. The requirements for extractants, and discussion of extractants main groups (acidic, alkaline, chelating, and solvating) are presented in this paper. The reactions occurring in the two-phase systems in the extraction of metal ions, and the extractants most commonly used in hydrometallurgical processes are shown.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
Strony
79--85
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 36 poz., rys., tab.
Twórcy
  • Politechnika Poznańska Wydział Technologii Chemicznej ul. Berdychowo 4 60-695 Poznań
Bibliografia
  • 1. Bogacki, M.B., Procesy ekstrakcyjne w hydrometalurgii, Wyd. Politechniki Poznańskiej, Poznań, 2012.
  • 2. Cierpiszewski, R., Badania efektywności procesu ekstrakcji miedzi, Wyd. Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu, Poznań, 2003.
  • 3. Szymanowski, J., Hydroxyoximes and copper hydrometallurgy, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1993.
  • 4. du Preez R., Kotze, M., Nel, G., Donegan, S., Masiiwa, H., Solvent extraction test work to evaluate a Versatic 10/NICKSYN™ synergistic system for nickel-calcium separation, The Fourth Southern African Conference on Base Metals, 2007, pp. 193–210.
  • 5. Maljković D., Lenhard Z., Balen M., Extraction of Co(II) and Ni(II) with Cyanex 272, EMC ’91: Non-Ferrous Metallurgy – Present and Future, 1991, pp. 175–181.
  • 6. Sole, K.C., Hiskey, J.B., Solvent extraction of copper by Cyanex 272, Cyanex 302 and Cyanex 301, Hydrometallurgy, 1995, 37, 2, pp.129–147.
  • 7. Rickleton, W.A., Boyle, R.J., The selective recovery of zinc with new thiophosphinic acids, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1990, 8, 6, pp.783–797.
  • 8. El‐Hefny, N.E., Daoud, J.A., Extraction of copper(II) by CYANEX 302 in kerosene from different aqueous media, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 2007, 25, 6, pp. 831–843.
  • 9. Sainz-Diaz, C.I., Klocker, H., Marr, R., Bart, H.-J., New approach equilibrium in the modelling of the extraction of zinc with bis-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, Hydrometallurgy, 1996, 42, 1, pp. 1–11.
  • 10. Ghebghoub, F., Barkat, D., The effect of diluents on extraction of copper(II) with di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 2009, 62, 9, pp. 1449–1456.
  • 11. Kumbasar, R.A., Extraction of cadmium from solutions containing various heavy metal ions by Amberlite LA-2, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2010, 16, pp. 207–213.
  • 12. Gutierrez, B., Pazos, C., Coca, J., Solvent extraction equilibrium of gallium from hydrochloric acid solutions by Amberlite LA-2, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 1994, 61, 3, pp. 241–245.
  • 13. Ramadevi, G., Sreenivas, T., Navale, A.S., Padmanabhan, N.P.H., Solvent extraction of uranium from lean grade acidic sulfate leach liquor with Alamine 336 reagent, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2012, 294, 1, pp. 13–18.
  • 14. Kumar, J.R., Kim, J.-S., Lee, J.-Y., Yoon, H.-S., Solvent extraction of uranium(VI) and separation of vanadium(V) from sulfate solutions using Alamine 336, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 2010, 285, 2, pp. 301–308.
  • 15. Sayar. N.A., Filiz, M., Sayar, A.A., Extraction of Co(II) and Ni(II) from concentrated HCl solutions using Alamine 336, Hydrometallurgy, 2009, 96, 1–2, pp.148–153.
  • 16. McDonald, C.W., Butt, N., Solvent extraction studies of zinc with Alamine 336 in aqueous chloride and bromide media, Separation Science and Technology, 1978, 13, 1, pp. 39–46.
  • 17. Wassink, B., Dreisinger, D., Howard, J., Solvent extraction separation of zinc and cadmium from nickel and cobalt using Aliquat 336, a strong base anion exchanger, in the chloride and thiocyanate forms, Hydrometallurgy, 2000, 57, 3, pp. 235–252.
  • 18. Wionczyk, B., Apostoluk, W., Equilibria of extraction of chromium(III) from alkaline solutions with trioctylmethylammonium chloride (Aliquat 336), Hydrometallurgy, 2005, 78, 1–2, pp. 116–128.
  • 19. Juang, R.-S., Kao, H.-C., Wu, W.-H., Analysis of liquid membrane extraction of binary Zn(II) and Cd(II) from chloride media with Aliquat 336 based on thermodynamic equilibrium models, Journal of Membrane Science, 2004, 228, 2, pp. 169–177.
  • 20. Pazos, C., Diaz, R. M., Coca, J., Extraction of copper from dilute solutions by LIX 64N, Effect of dekalin and tetralin as diluents on the equilibrium and rate of mass transfer, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 1986, 36, 2, pp. 79–87.
  • 21. Gutierrez, B., Pazos, C., Coca, J., Rate of copper extraction with LIX 64N using a laminar liquid jet, Chemical Engineering Communications, 1990, 93, 1, pp. 237–244.
  • 22. Pazos, C., Curieses, J.P.S., Coca J., Solvent extraction equilibrium of nickel from ammoniacal solutions by LIX 64N, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1991, 9, 4, pp. 569–591.
  • 23. Ismael, M.R.C., Gameiro, M.L.F., Carvalho, J.M.R., Extraction equilibrium of copper from ammoniacal media with LIX 54, Separation Science and Technology, 2004, 39, 16, pp. 3859–3877.
  • 24. Alguacil, F.J., Alonso, M., Recovery of copper from ammoniacal/ammonium sulfate medium by LIX 54, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 1999, 74, 12, pp. 1171–1175.
  • 25. Jakubiak, A., Szymanowski, J., Ekstrakcja cynku(II) z roztworów chlorkowych ekstrahentem KELEX 100, Fizykochemiczne Problemy Mineralurgii, 1998, 32, pp. 255–264.
  • 26. Kyuchoukov, G., Kounev, R., Copper transfer from hydrochloric acid into sulphuric acid solution by means of Kelex 100®, Hydrometallurgy, 1994, 35, 3, pp. 321–342.
  • 27. Kyuchoukov, G., Zhivkova, S. Options for the separation of copper(II) and zinc(II) from chloride solutions by KELEX 100®, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 2000, 18, 2, pp. 293–305.
  • 28. Bogacki, M.B., Zhivkova, S., Kyuchoukov, G., Szymanowski, J., Modeling of copper(II) and zinc(II) extraction from chloride media with KELEX 100, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 2000, 39, 3, pp. 740–745.
  • 29. Fedorov, Yu.S., Zilberman, B.Ya., Kulikov, S.M., Blazheva, I.V., Mishin, E.N., Wallwork, A.L., Denniss, I.S., May, I., Hill, N.J., Uranium(VI) extraction by TBP in the presence of HDBP, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1999, 17, 2, pp. 243–257.
  • 30. Daoud, J.A., Abdel Rahman, N., Aly, H.F., Kinetic studies on the extraction of U(IV) by TBP in kerosene from nitrate medium, Journal of Radioanalyacal and Nuclear Chemistry, 1997, 221, 1–2, pp. 41–44.
  • 31. Dhami, P.S., Jagasia, P., Panja, S., Achuthan, P.V., Tripathi, S.C., Munshi, S.K., Dey, P.K., Studies on the development of a flow-sheet for AHWR spent fuel reprocessing using TBP, Separation Science and Technology, 2010, 45, 8, pp. 1147–1157.
  • 32. Bouvier, C., Cote, G., Sobczyńska, A., Bogacki, M.B., Szymanowski, J., Interfacial behavior of ACORGA CLX-50 and surface kinetics of copper extraction, Journal of Radioanalyacal and Nuclear Chemistry, 1998, 228, 1–2, pp. 63–69.
  • 33. Cote, G., Jakubiak, A., Bauer, D., Szymanowski, J., Mokili, B., Poitrenaud, C., Modeling of extraction equilibrium for copper(II) extraction by pyridinecarboxylic acid esters from concentrated chloride solutions at constant water activity and constant total concentration of ionic or molecular spieces dissolved in the aqueous solution, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 1994, 12, pp. 99–120.
  • 34. Dalton, R.F., Burgess, A., Quan, P.M., ACORGA ZNX 50 – a new selective reagent for the solvent extraction of zinc from chloride leach solutions, Hydrometallurgy, 1992, 30, 1–3, pp. 385–400.
  • 35. Cote, G. Jakubiak, A., Modelling of extraction equilibrium for zinc(II) extraction by a bibenzimidazole type reagent (ACORGA ZNX 50) from chloride solutions, Hydrometallurgy, 1996, 43, 1–3, pp. 277–286.
  • 36. Dziwiński, E., Szymanowski, J., Wrzesień, E., Composition of ACORGA ZNX 50, Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, 2000, 18, 5, pp. 895–906.
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (zadania 2017).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-4c252f0f-c5d1-4628-8a94-4b398bada0a4
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