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2019 | Vol. 84, nr 2 | 57--70
Tytuł artykułu

Technological and organisational challenges for e-mobility

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
With the rapid growth of schemes and initiatives to promote e-mobility and numerous measures taken to ensure its quick and effective implementation, there is a wide range of technological and non-technological problems, especially organisational, economic, legal and social in nature, that have to be handled by national and local governments all over the world. This article addresses some of the technological and organisational challenges for electromobility. The key technology-related issues to be coped with are the need for longer ranges of electric vehicles (EVs), shorter charging times and smart power grids (because of a higher demand for electrical energy). Another important problem to be solved urgently is the high battery weight, affecting the vehicle dynamics. Because of the excessive weight of the battery pack, there is a risk of its displacement during a crash, which may jeopardize the safety on the road. The next big concern, also associated with safety, is protection against electrical and fire hazards in the event of a collision. The most important of all the organisational challenges related to EVs is the necessity to create networks of charging stations. Their insufficient number and unsatisfactory distribution are strong barriers hampering the development of e-mobility. The organisational measures also include privileges such as access to bus lanes, already offered in some countries. Finally, there is the need to urgently train a large number of electricians to test and maintain EVs, the need to create a recycling system for used EV batteries, and the need to deal with the organisational aspects of the development of smart power grids.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
57--70
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 28 poz., rys.
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Mechatronics and Mechanical Engineering, Department of Automotive Engineering and Transport, Kielce University of Technology, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, stanczyk @tu.kielce.pl
Bibliografia
  • [1] Air quality in Europe – 2017 report. European Environment Agency Report/No 13/2017. www.eea.europa.eu/ publications/air-quality-in-europe-2017 access date: 05.12.2017.
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  • [4] Comparison of ranges and performance of electric cars (in Polish). Portal Samochodyelektryczne.org, 21.10.2015 http://samochodyelektryczne.org/porownania_zasiegow_i_osiagow_pojazdow_elektrycznych.htm access date: 05.05.2017.
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  • [9] Gołębiewski W., Lisowski M.: Theoretical evaluation of the effect of operating parameters on electric vehicle energy consumption and driving range. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport. 2016, 23(4), 117–125, DOI:10.5604/12314005.1217197.
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  • [11] Houseman D.: The Future of Batteries in an Electrified Fleet: Storage Will Play a Major Role. IEEE Electrification Magazine. 2018, 6(3), 44–48, DOI: 10.1109/MELE.2018.2849920.
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  • [13] Liberto C., Valenti G., Orchi S., Lelli M., Nigro M., Ferrara M.: The Impact of Electric Mobility Scenarios in Large Urban Areas: The Rome Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. 2018, 19(11), 3540–3549, DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2018.2832004.
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  • [15] Matzke M.: The fiasco of the vision of electromobility in Germany (in Polish). Portal Deutsche Welle, 19.05.2017, http://www.dw.com/pl/fiasko-wizji-elektromobilno-w-rfn/a-38910513 access date: 02.09.2017.
  • [16] Merkisz-Guranowska A., Daszkiewicz P.: Possibility of reducing CO2 emissions for example electric vehicles. Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport. 2014, 21(3), 211–217, DOI: 10.5604/12314005.1133215.
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  • [18] Muha R., Perosa A.: Energy consumption and carbon footprint of an electric vehicle and a vehicle with an internal combustion engine. Transport Problems. 2018, 13(2), 49–58, DOI: 10.20858/tp.2018.13.2.5.
  • [19] Oman H.: Making batteries last longer [for electric vehicles]. IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine. 1999, 14(9), 19–21, DOI: 10.1109/62.793449.
  • [20] Pawelski Z., Zdziennicki Z.: Model of vehicle electric drive system. Journal of KONES. 2017, 24(3), 211–220, DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0010.3079.
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  • [23] Rzędowska A.: Norwegian problems of electromobility (in Polish). Portal BiznesAlert.Pl, 29.11.2016, http://biznesalert.pl/rzedowska-norweskie-problemy-elektromobilnosci/ access date: 05.09.2017.
  • [24] Szyjko C.T.: Dilemmas of electric motorization. A new culture of mobility (in Polish). Energia.Gigawat. No 5/2013.
  • [25] Szymalski W.: Electromobility - the second wave of electrification of transport (in Polish). Portal Chrońmy Klimat.pl, 12.12.2016, http://www.chronmyklimat.pl/content/files/2017/Elektromobilnosc_druga_fala_elektryfikacji_transportu.pdf access date: 05.09.2017.
  • [26] Zasięg samochodów elektrycznych. https://elektrowoz.pl/porady/samochody-elektryczne-2017-rankingzasiegu-segmentu-segment-c-np-vw-e-golf-wrzesien-2017/ access date: 07.05.2019.
  • [27] Zhanga G., Geb S., Xub T., Yanga X.G., Tiana H., Wang C.Y.: Rapid self-heating and internal temperature sensing of lithium-ion batteries at low temperatures. Electrochimica Acta. 2016, 218, 149–155, DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.09.117.
  • [28] Zhanga G., Geb S., Yanga X.G., Leng Y., Marple D., Wang C.Y.: Rapid restoration of electric vehicle battery performance while driving at cold temperatures. Journal of Power Sources. 2017, 371, 35–40, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.10.029.
Uwagi
Opracowanie rekordu w ramach umowy 509/P-DUN/2018 ze środków MNiSW przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (2019).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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