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2015 | No. 57 (4) | 362--374
Tytuł artykułu

Seasonal assessment of biological indices, bioaccumulation and bioavailability of heavy metals in mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis from Algerian west coast, applied to environmental monitoring

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The aim of the present work is to broaden our knowledge on the variability of trace metals in mussel tissues, focusing on seasonal fluctuations in the three different sampling sites of Algerian west coast (Oran Harbor (S1), Ain Defla (S2) and Hadjaj (S3)). For this purpose, the bioavailability (metal indices) and bioaccumulation (metal concentrations in soft tissues) of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb, and Cd), and the physiological characteristics (e.g. biological indices such as condition index (CI)) of mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis have been assessed and related to seasons and sites. In S1, the highest levels of metal concentrations and indices were obtained in mussels sampled in winter for Zn, Cu and Cd, but in summer for Pb. The biological indices significantly decreased in winter. In S2, the levels of concentrations and indices of all metals varied whatever the seasons, excepting in summer where the values were the lowest. In summer and spring, the biological indices were lower than in autumn and winter. The low growth of organisms in spring and summer might be correlated to the reproductive period and the low trophic level known in S2. S3, considered as a “pristine” area, showed low metal concentrations and indices, and high biological indices, reflecting the favorable physiological conditions for the mussel growth. This approach might be used in the monitoring of the quality of coastal waters and the present work provided a useful data set for Mediterranean monitoring network.

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  • University of Oran 1- Ahmed Ben Bella, Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale (LRSE), Department of Biology, BP 1524 El M’naouer, 31000 Oran, Algeria,
  • University of Oran 1- Ahmed Ben Bella, Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale (LRSE), Department of Biology, BP 1524 El M’naouer, 31000 Oran, Algeria
  • University of Oran 1- Ahmed Ben Bella, Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale (LRSE), Department of Biology, BP 1524 El M’naouer, 31000 Oran, Algeria
  • University of Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, EA 4228 ECOMERS, UFR Sciences, Parc Valrose, BP 71, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
  • University of Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, EA 4228 ECOMERS, UFR Sciences, Parc Valrose, BP 71, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
  • University of Nice-Sophia-Antipolis, EA 4228 ECOMERS, UFR Sciences, Parc Valrose, BP 71, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France
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