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2017 | Vol. 43, nr 3 | 155--164
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of physicochemical and biochemical factors of urban street dust

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Studies concerned the composition of street cleansing residue (municipal waste with code 20 03 03) collected and accumulated on mound. The contents of macro- (C, P, S) and microelements (Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr, Mn, Fe) as well as enzymatic activity (dehydrogenase, catalase, alkaline and acid phosphatase, arylsulfatase) were determined in order to consider this material as a source of nutrients in agriculture. The study showed that the stored material consists mainly of mineral particles, poor in organic matter (mean content 2.905 g/kg) and fine fraction (particles of diameter less than 2 mu m did not exceed 2 wt. %), with alkaline pH. Elevated levels of heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr, Mn and Fe) indicate that street cleaning residue is contaminated with these metals. In spite of relatively high content of phosphorus (mean 52.08 mg/kg) analyzed material should not be used for soil amendment as a source of P for plants, because of the accumulation of heavy metals, and also high contents of S-SO42- (mean 56.38 mg/kg). Furthermore, low biological index fertility (BIF) calculated on the base of enzymatic activity of the collected waste, indicates that analyzed material has low ability to fulfil nourishing plant needs and might be a threat to the environment.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
155--164
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 25 poz., tab.
Twórcy
  • Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, ul. Bernardyńska 6, Poland, bartkowiak@utp.edu.pl
  • Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, UTP University of Science and Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, ul. Bernardyńska 6, Poland
  • Sub-Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, UTP University of Scienceand Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, ul. Bernardyńska 6, Poland
  • Sub-Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, UTP University of Scienceand Technology in Bydgoszcz, 85-029 Bydgoszcz, ul. Bernardyńska 6, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] IRVINE K., PERRELLI M., NGOEN-KLAN R., DROPPO L., Metal levels in street sediment from an industrial city: spatial trends, chemical fractionation and management implications, J. Soil Sedim., 2009, 9, 328.
  • [2] NAYANA S., MALODE S.N., Municipal solid waste management: a survey and physicochemical analysis of contaminated soil from Sukali Compost and landfill depot, Batkuli Road, Amravati, Global J. Bio-Sci. Biotech., 2007, 1 (2), 215.
  • [3] WEI B., YANG L., A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China, Microchem. J., 2010, 94, 99.
  • [4] WANG W.H., WONG M.H., LEHARNE S., FISHER B., Fractionation and biotoxicity of heavy metals in urban dusts collected from Hong Kong and London, Environ. Geochem. Health, 1998, 20 (4), 185.
  • [5] STONE M., MARSALEK J., Trace metal composition in street sediment: Sault ste. Marie, Canada, Water Air Soil Poll., 1996, 87, 149.
  • [6] CHARLESWORTH S., DE MIGUEL E., ORDONEZ A., A review of the distribution of particulate trace elements in urban terrestrial environment and its implication to consideration risk, Environ. Geochem. Health, 2011, 33 (2), 103.
  • [7] DAVIS B.S., BIRCH G.F., Spatial distribution of bulk atmospheric deposition of heavy metals in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, Water, Air Soil Pollut., 2011, 214, 147.
  • [8] Directive Council 75/442/EWG of 15 July 1975 year on wastes, Official Journal of the European Communities, No L. 194 of 25.07.75, item 39.
  • [9] Directive Council 199/31/WE of 26 April 1999 year on waste storage.
  • [10] PIONTEK M., WALCZAK B., CZYŻEWSKA W., LECHÓW H., Copper, cadmium and zinc contamination in the road dust and their toxicity determined using biological method, Kosmo., 2012, 61 (3), 409.
  • [11] BARDSLEY C.E., LANCASTER J.D., Determination of reserve sulfur and soluble sulfates in soil, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 1960, 24, 265.
  • [12] CROCK J.G., SEVERSON R., Four reference soil and rock samples for measuring element availability in the western energy regions, Geochem. Survey Circular, 1980, 841, 1.
  • [13] THALMANN A., Zur methodic derestimung der Dehydrogenaseaktivität und Boden mittels Triphenyltetrazoliumchlorid (TTC), Landwirdschaft Forschung, 1968, 21, 249.
  • [14] JOHNSON J.I., TEMPLE K.L., Some variables affecting the measurements of catalase activity in soils, Soil Sci. Soc. Am., 1964, 28, 207.
  • [15] TABATABAI M.A., BREMNER J.M., Use of p-nitrophenol phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity, oil Biol. Biochem., 1969, 1, 301.
  • [16] TABATABAI M.A., BREMNER J.M., Factors affecting soil arylsulfatase activity, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 1970, 34, 427.
  • [17] STEFANIC F., ELLADE G., CHIRNAGEANU J., Researches concerning a biological index of soil fertility, [in:] Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium of Soil Biology, S. Nemes, P. Kiss, C. Papacostea, M. Stefanic (Eds.), Bucharest, Romanian National Soc. Soil Sci., 1984, 35.
  • [18] YAO X.H., MIN H., LU Z.H., YUAN H., Influence of acetamprid on soil enzymatic activities and respiration, Eur. J. Soil Biol., 2006, 42, 120.
  • [19] Polish Society of Soil Science, Particle size distribution and textural classes of soils and mineral materials-classification of Polish Society of Soil Sciences 2008, Soil Sci. Ann., 2009, 60 (2), 5.
  • [20] EWEN C., ANAGNOSTOPOULOU M.A., WARD N.I., Monitoring of heavy metal levels in roadside dusts of Thessaloniki, Greece in relation to motor vehicle traffic density and flow, Environ. Monit. Assess., 2009, 57, 483.
  • [21] KABATA-PENDIAS A., PENDIAS H., Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, 3rd. Ed., CRC Press, 2001.
  • [22] SHEN G., LU Y., ZHOU Q., HONG J., Interaction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and heavy metals on soil enzyme, Chemosphere, 2005, 61, 1175.
  • [23] HINOJOSA M.B., CARREIRA J.A., RODRIGUEZ-MAROTO J.M., GARCIA-RUIZ R., Effects of pyrite pollution on soil enzyme activities. Ecological dosE–Response model, Sci. Tot. Environ., 2008, 25, 89.
  • [24] LEVYK V., MARYSKEVYCH O., BRZEZIŃSKA M., WŁODARCZYK T., Dehydrogenase activity of technogenic soils of former sulfur mines (Yavoriv and Nemyriv, Ukraine), Inter. Agrophys., 2007, 21, 255.
  • [25] WYSZKOWSKA J., KUCHARSKI J., Activity of glucosydase, arylsulfatase and phosphatases in soil contaminated with copper, J. Element., 2010, 15 (1), 213.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-388b7001-0532-46a9-9b73-d9df1e9dfae1
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