Siły rezerwowe Wielkiej Brytanii
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Reserve Forces of Great Britain
Due to the fact that Great Britain has a well developed system of support for reserve soldiers and employers hiring them, solutions applied in this country are worth analysing, particularly in the context of creating National Reserve Forces in Poland. Reserve Forces are perceived as an integral part of the Armed Forces, therefore by law they deserve such a level of support that reserve soldiers were able to reach an equal level of training to professional soldiers. The defence strategy binding in Great Britain assumes that the Reserve Forces’ and regular force's prime task is to participate in crisis response operations, including overseas ones. Great Britain’s Reserve Forces consist of two main components: Regular Reserve (former career soldiers) and Voluntary Reserve. Reserve soldiers service can be performed in military units of the armedforces services: 1) Land Forces’ Reserve - Territorial Army (TA); 2) Royal Auxiliary Air Force (RauxAF); 3) Royal Naval Reserve (RNR); 4) Royal Marines Reserve-formally included in the Navy. It must be stressed that Great Britain’s Reserve Forces are perceived as a key component to fulfill the Armed Forces’ statutory tasks. Therefore, the Ministry of Defence, being aware of the fact that the current reserve force system requires constant improvement, planned “Strategic Review of Reserve Forces” in April 2008 aiming at defining recommendations in order to enable Reserve Forces to participate in the whole range of Armed Forces’ operations that would imply the directions of Reserve Forces’ development in the years to come.
Bibliogr. 3 poz.
- 1. www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Armed_Forces, 30.03.2010.
- 2. The Reserve Policies of Nations:Comparative Analysis, R. Weitz, 2007, s. 30.
- 3. S. de Jong, NATO's Reserve Forces, Londyn, 1992, s. 92.