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2017 | Vol. 18, nr 2 | 63--68
Tytuł artykułu

Impact of Hydraulic Fracturing on the Quality of Natural Waters

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Poland, due to the estimated shale gas deposits amounting to 346–768 billion m3 has become one of the most attractive regions for shale gas exploration in Europe. Throughout the period 2010–2015, 72 exploratory drillings were made (as of 4.01.2016), while hydraulic fracturing was carried out 25 times. Employing new drilling and shale gas prospecting technologies raises a question pertaining to their impact on the environment. The number of chemical compounds used (approximately 2000) for the production of new technological fluids may potentially pollute the environment. The fact that the composition of these fluids remains undisclosed hinders the assessment of their impact on the environment and devising optimal methods for managing this type of waste. The presented work indicates the chemical compounds which may infiltrate to groundwater, identified on the basis of technological fluids characteristics, as well as the review of studies pertaining to their impact on potable water carried out in the United States. The study focused on marking heavy metals, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, chlorides and sulphates in the surface waters collected in proximity of Lewino well.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
63--68
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 14 poz., tab., rys.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Environemntal Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, w.cel@pollub.pl
autor
  • Faculty of Environemntal Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, j.kujawska@pollub.pl
autor
  • Faculty of Environemntal Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 40B, 20-618 Lublin, Poland, h.wasag@wis.pol.lublin.pl
Bibliografia
  • 1. Babko R., Jaromin-Gleń K., Łagód G., Pawłowska M., Pawłowski A., Effect of drilling mud addition on activated sludge and processes in sequencing batch reactors, Desalination And Water Treatment – 2016, nr 3, vol. 57, s. 1490–1498
  • 2. Cel W., Kujawska J. Czechowska-Kosacka A. 2015. Wpływ eksploatacji złóż gazu łupkowego na wody ujmowane do celów pitnych. Przypadek Lubelszczyzny Annual Set The Environment Protection 2 (17), 1224–1238
  • 3. Clark C.E. and Veil J.A. 2009. Produced Water Volumes and Management Practices in the United States, Argonne National Laboratory ANL/ EVA/R-09/1, Argonne, IL, prepared for U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory, September 2009
  • 4. Di Giulio D.C., Wilkin R.T., Miller C., Oberley G. Investigation of Ground Water Contamination near Pavillion, Wyoming. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Report 2011
  • 5. Hoffman A., Olsson G. and Lindstrom A. 2014. Shale gas and hydraulic fracturing: framing the water issue, Report No. 34, 1212–1232, SIWI. Stockholm.
  • 6. Journal of Laws 2015, item 1989.
  • 7. Pawłowski, A., Pawłowska, M., Baran, S. and Gromiec, M. 2015. Impact of shale gas extraction on water environment, Gospodarka Wodna, 8, 241– 245 (in Polish).
  • 8. Shramko A., Palmgren T., Gallo D., Dixit R. and Swaco M-I. 2009. Analytical characterization of flowback waters in the field, 16th Annual Petroleum & Biofuels Environmental Conference (IPEC).
  • 9. Starzycka A. 2012. Środowiskowe i prawne aspekty zagospodarowania odpadów powstających w trakcie poszukiwania, rozpoznawania i wydobycia gazu z łupków, Międzynarodowe Targi Ochrony Środowiska.
  • 10. Steliga and Uliasz 2014. Spent drilling muds management and natural environment protection, Spent drilling muds management and natural environment protection, Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi-Mineral Resources Management, 30(2), 135–156
  • 11. Warner N.R., Jackson R.B., Darrah T.H., Osborn S.G., Down A., Zhao K., White A. and Vengosh A. 2012. Geochemical evidence for possible natural migration of Marcellus Formation brine to shallow aquifers in Pennsylvania. PNAS 2012
  • 12. www.pgi.gov.pl [online]
  • 13. U.S. EIA 2014 [online]
  • 14. http://www.shale-gas-information-platform.org/pl [online]
Uwagi
PL
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (zadania 2017).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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