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2017 | Vol. 65, nr 1 | 144--157
Tytuł artykułu

Small Mammals in an Urban Area : Habitat Preferences and Urban-Rural Gradient in Nitra City, Slovakia

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The small mammal species were investigated in the urbanized environment of Nitra city (Slovakia) in a multiscale-approach: at habitat level and at landscape level (urban-rural gradient). Continuous comprehensive rodent samplings from 2012 to 2015 were conducted in ten study sites, classified into three urban zones (landscape level). The total effort comprised 1,250 specimens of 13 species (Microtus arvalis, Apodemus sylvaticus, A. flavicollis, A. uralensis, Clethrionomys (Myodes) glareolus, M. subterraneus, Micromys minutes, Mus spicilegus, M. musculus, Crocidura suaveolens, C. leucodon, Sorex araneus, S. minutus) gathered in 14950 trapxnights. Environmental variables (habitat level) at each site were processed in the Geographical Information System as a proportion of landscape units around the trapping line and by a phytosociological survey. At the habitat level, we found a relationship between the landscape habitat structure and each species of small mammals. Diversity, species richness and relative abundance of small mammals decreased with the density of the built-up area. At landscape level, urban zones had a significant influence on species diversity, richness and relative abundance of small mammal populations. On the other hand, the presence of small mammal species precisely determined the urban zones, where we identified seven indicative species.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Strony
144--157
Opis fizyczny
Bibliogr. 72 poz., mapa, rys., tab., wykr.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Virology, Biomedical Research Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84505 Bratislava, Slovakia, peter.klimant@savba.sk
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, branch Nitra, Akademická 2, POB 22, 94910 Nitra, Slovakia
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
autor
  • State Nature Conservancy of the Slovak Republic, Protected Landscape Area Ponitrie, Samova 3, 94901 Nitra, Slovakia
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Constantine the Philosopher University, Tr. A. Hlinku 1, 94974 Nitra, Slovakia
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Uwagi
Opracowanie ze środków MNiSW w ramach umowy 812/P-DUN/2016 na działalność upowszechniającą naukę (zadania 2017).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.baztech-23394765-197d-4db8-bba1-1a94abdc78f4
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