'A PERSON SHOULD BE NOBLE'. A FEW COMMENTS ON ALEXANDER HERZEN'S PRAGMATIC ANTHROPOLOGY ('Czlowiek powinien byc szlachetny'. Kilka uwag o pragmatycznej antropologii Aleksandra Hercena)
This sketch is an attempt to scrutinize Alexander Herzen's philosophy of man, on the basis of his autobiographical statements from 'The Memoires, My Past and Thoughts' as well as his letters. In this article the attention is drawn to the concept of egoism, the writer's attiude towards money, as well as his understanding of freedom and human dignity. Anthropology of a Russian emigrant included in his autobiographic statements was not an abstract philosophical collection of notions, but practical and pragmatic in character. Being human, according to the writer, is not a difficult obligation, but derives from fulfiiling an inner need to act, which typifies every intelligent individual. Herzen was a vivid supporter of a harmonious development of human personality. He encouraged people to be open to new possibilities, to everything that is human. In his opinion, reading helps achieve utter humanity.
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