PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
Czasopismo
2012 | 47 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

The role of wild boars in spore dispersal of hypogeous fungi

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Wild boars (Sus scrofa L.) are well-known for soil disturbance in natural and cultivated truffières but their role in spore dispersal is poorly investigated. In the present work we studied the occurrence of hypogeous fungal spores in faecal contents of 14 wild boars randomly hunted in “Parco dei Gessi e Calanchi dell’Abbadessa” Regional Park (North of Italy) where truffle production has been previously investigated for three years. Six methods for spore analysis in faeces were compared and the suspension of faeces in ZnSO4 (70%) solution resulted to be the most reliable. Hypogeous fungal spores, including Tuber magnatum and Tuber aestivum spores, were detected in 9 animals. This result suggests that the detection of fungal spores in faeces of wild boars may provide information on the presence of hypogeous fungi in an area. However, the poor abundance of spores suggests that the wild boar can be considered an opportunistic mycophagist, ingesting truffles only occasionally, as a seasonal source of food. Considering the magnitude of wild boar movements during seasonal migrations, it is possible to speculate that they play a key role in truffle long distance dispersal.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
47
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.145-153,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, viale Fanin 46, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
autor
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, viale Fanin 46, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
autor
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, viale Fanin 46, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
autor
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, viale Fanin 46, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
  • Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, viale Fanin 46, I-40127 Bologna, Italy
Bibliografia
  • Andrzejewski R., Jezierski W. 1978. Management of the Wild Boar population and its effect on commercial land. Acta Theriologica 23: 309–333.
  • Bonito G., Smith M.E., Nowak M., Healy R.A., Guevara G., Cázares E., Kinoshita A., Nouhra Laura S., Domínguez E.R., Tedersoo L., Murat C., Wang Y., Arroyo Moreno B., Pfister D.H., Nara K., Zambonelli A., Trappe J.M., Vilgalys R. 2013. Historical biogeography and diversification of truffles in the Tuberaceae and their newly identified Southern hemisphere sister lineage. PLoS ONE 8 (1): e52765. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052765
  • Cazares E., Luoma D.L., Amaranthus M.P., Chambers C.L., Lehmkuhl J.F. 1999. Interaction of fungal sporocarp production with small mammal abundance and diet in douglas-fir stands of the Southern cascade range. Northwest Science 73: 64–76.
  • Claridge A.W., Trappe J.M. 2005. Sporocarp mycophagy: nutritional, behavioral, evolutionary, and physiological aspects. (In:) J. Dighton, J.F. White, P. Oudemans (eds). The Fungal Community. 3d.: 599–611. CRC, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton.
  • Claus R., Hoppen H.O., Karg H. 1981. The secret of truffles: A steroidal pheromone? Experientia 37 (11): 1178–1179.
  • Colgan W., Claridge A.W. 2002. Mycorrhizal effectiveness of Rhizopogon spores recovered from faecal pellets of small forest-dwelling mammals. Mycological Research 106: 314–320.
  • Comport S.S., Hume I.D. 1998. Gut morphology and rate of passage of fungal spores through the gut of a tropical rodent, the giant white-tailed rat (Uromys caudimaculatus). Australian Journal of Zoology 46: 461–471.
  • Corbetta F. 1994. Flora e Vegetazione. (In:) U. Bagnaresi, F. Ricci Lucchi, G.B. Vai (eds). La vena del gesso: 143–167. Regione Emilia Romagna, Bologna.
  • Cork S.J., Kenagy G.J. 1989. Nutritional Value of Hypogeous Fungus for a Forest-Dwelling Ground Squirrel. Ecology 70 (3): 577–586.
  • Crede P. 2007. Microscopic examination of fecal specimens: concentration by zinc sulfate flotation. (In:) R.Y. Shimizu (ed.). Parassitology http://www.asmpress.org/asmpress/files/ccLibraryFiles/Filename/000000000716/CMPH2_2007_update_Section_9_for_e-store.pdf
  • Defra 2005. Feral wild boar in England Status, impact and management. A report on behalf of Defra European Wildlife Division http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/Images/wildboarstatusImpactmanagement_tcm6-4512.pdf
  • Ente di gestione per i Parchi e la Biodiversità - Emilia Orientale 2013. Parco dei Gessi Bolognesi e Calanchi dell’Abbadessa. http://www.parks.it/parco.gessi.bolognesi/
  • Génard M., Lescourret F., Durrieu G. 1986. Mycophagie chez le sanglier et dissémination des spores de champignons hypogés. Gaussenia 2: 17–23.
  • Gioacchini A.M., Menotta M., Bertini L., Rossi I., Zeppa S., Zambonelli A., Piccoli G., Stocchi V. 2005. Solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography/mass spectrometry: a new method for species identification of truffles. Rapid Communication Mass Spectrometry 19: 2365–2370.
  • Gryndler M., Hršelová H., Soukupová L., Streiblová E., Valda S., Borovička J., Gryndlerová H., Gažo J., Miko M. 2011. Detection of summer truffle (Tuber aestivum Vittad.) in ectomycorrhizae and in soil using specific primers. FEMS Microbiology Letters 318: 84–91.
  • Gudmundsdottir B., Skirnisson K. 2006. The third newly discovered Eimeria species (Protozoa: Eimeriidae) described from wild reindeer, Rangifer tarandus, in Iceland. Parasitological Research 99: 659–662.
  • Lehmkuhl J.F., Gould L.E., Cazares E., Hosford D.R. 2004. Truffle abundance and mycophagy by northern flying squirrels in eastern Washington forests. Forest Ecology and Management 200: 49–65.
  • Miller S.L. 1985. Rodent pellets as ectomycorrhizal inoculum for two Tuber spp. (In:) R. Molina (ed.). Proceedings of the 6th North American Conference on Mycorrhizae: 273. Forest Research Laboratory, Oregon State University Corvallis.
  • Mitosciences 2007. Sucrose Gradient Separation Protocol. http://www.mitosciences.com/PDF/sg.pdf
  • Montecchi A., Sarasini M. 2000. Funghi ipogei d’Europa. Associazione Micologica Bresadola, Trento.
  • Moreno-Arroyo B., Gòmez J., Putido E. 2005. Tesoros de muestro montes. Trufas de Andalucía. Consejria de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía, Cordoba.
  • Murat C., Díez J., Luis P., Delaruelle C., Dupré C., Chevalier G., Bonfante P., Martin F. 2004. Polymorphism at the ribosomal DNA ITS and its relation to postglacial re-colonization routes of the Perigord truffle Tuber melanosporum. New Phytologist 164: 401–411.
  • Pet informed 2008. Veterinary Advice Online - Fecal Flotation. http://www.pet-informed-veterinary-advice-online.com/fecal-flotation.html#float-performed
  • Pieri L., Ventura F., Vignudelli M., Rossi P. 2011. Nitrogen balance in a hilly semi-agricultural watershed in Northers Italy. Italian Journal of Agronomy 6: 67-75.
  • Provincia di Bologna 2007. Piano faunistico venatorio provinciale 2007-2012. http://www.provincia.bologna.it/cacciapesca/Engine/RAServeFile.php/f/Piani_documenti/studioincidenza_pfvp.pdf
  • Ricci G. 2008. Indagine sull’impatto ambientale ed economico degli ungulati selvatici nell’Appennino Bolognese. Fondazione Itaca, Pianoro, Bologna.
  • Salerni E., Perini C., Piattoni F., Zambonelli A. 2011. Is the presence of wild boars really disturbing the growth of Tuber aestivum? (In:) Abstracts of 3rd Congress of the Tuber aestivum/uncinatum European Scientific Group (TAUESG), Nancy (France), 7-13 November.
  • Singer F.J., Otto D.K., Tipton A.R., Hable C.P. 1981. Home ranges, movements, and habitat use of European wild boar in Tennessee. Journal of Wildlife Management 45: 343–353.
  • Steiner M., Fielitz U. 2009. Deer truffes – the dominant source of radiocaesium contamination of wild boar. Radioprotection 44(5): 585-588.
  • To Tuscany 2012. Truffles. Truffle Hunting in Tuscany. http://www.to-tuscany.com/local-tuscany/tuscan-specialities/truffles/
  • Trappe J.M., Claridge A.W. 2005. Hypogeous fungi: evolution of reproductive and dispersal strategies through interactions with animals and mycorrhizal plants. (In:) J. Dighton, J.F. White, P. Oudemans (eds). The Fungal Community. 3d.: 613–623. CRC, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton.
  • Trappe J.M., Molina R., Luoma D.L., Cazares E., Pilz D., Smith J.E., Castellano M.A., Miller S.L., Trappe M.J. 2009. Diversity, ecology and conservation of truffle fungi in forests of the Pacific Northwest. Gen. Tech. Rep. USDA.
  • Pieri L., Ventura F., Vignudelli M., Rossi P. 2011. Nitrogen balance in a hilly semi-agricultural watershed in Northers Italy. Italian Journal of Agronomy 6: 67-75.
  • Zambonelli A., Rivetti C., Percurdani R., Ottonello S. 2000. TuberKey: a DELTA-based tool for the description and interactive identification of truffles. Mycotaxon 74: 57–76.
Uwagi
Rekord w opracowaniu
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-e09ad628-e9d2-4462-9d2b-bc357d4920b5
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.