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2011 | 51 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Elementy bionomii mszycy różano-trawowej (Metopolophium dirhodum Walker) na wybranych odmianach kukurydzy

Warianty tytułu
EN
The rose-grain aphid (Metopolophium dirhodum Walker) bionomy parameters on chosen maize cultivars
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
Transgenic maize with cry1Ab gene is resistant to target insect – Ostrinia nubilalis (Hbn.). Among non-target herbivorous insects, the rose-grain aphid (Metopolophium dirhodum Walk.) is one of known cereal aphid species. The aim of this study was to assess the behaviour and bionomy of M. dirhodum on three maize cultivars: transgenic (YG), isogenic (ISO) and conventional Bosman in greenhouse and laboratory conditions. To assess aphids preference to maize cultivars the “free choice test” was performed. The number of aphids that settled on preferred plants (at the 4-leaf stage) of various maize cultivars was counted after 24 and 48 h. For the next 8 days new-born nymphs and apterous aphids were counted. Bionomy parameters of females were evaluated on leaves cut from various cultivars and closed in Münger cages. This study was performed in growth chambers using single aphid as one replication. In greenhouse bioassay screens (“free choice test”) the negative impact of transgenic maize on aphids wasn’t stated. However on YG plants the rate of M. dirhodum population development was slower. Similarly, in laboratory tests, aphids that fed on YG plants had lower fecundity, shorter longevity and reproductive period than those fed on ISO and Bosman cvs. This suggests that among cultivars assessed, for some reason the maize plants of YG cv. are the most antibiotic to M. dirhodum.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
51
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
s.787-793,rys.,tab.
Twórcy
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • Bourguet D., Chaufaux J., Micoud A., Delos M., Naibo B., Bombarde F., Marque G., Eychenne N., Pagliari C. 2002. Ostrinia nubilalis parasitism and the field abundance of non-target insects in transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn (Zea mays). Environ. Biosaf. Res. 1 (01): 49–60.
  • Dutton A., Klein H., Romeis J., Bigler F. 2002. Uptake of Bt-toxin by herbivores feeding on transgenic maize and consequences for the predator Chrysoperla carnea. Ecol. Entomol. 27 (4): 441–447.
  • Dutton A., Romeis J., Bigler F. 2003. Assessing the risk of insect resistant transgenic plants on entomophagous arthropods: Bt-maize expressing Cry1Ab as a case study. BioControl 48 (6): 611–636.
  • Dutton A., Obrist L., D’Alessandro M., Diener L., Müller M., Romeis J., Bigler F. 2004. Tracking Bt-toxin in transgenic maize to assess the risks on non-target arthropods. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 27 (3): 57–63.
  • Faria C.A., Wackers F.L., Pritchard J., Barrett D.A., Turlings T.C.J. 2007. High susceptibility of Bt maize to aphids enhances the performance of parasitoids of lepidopteran pests. PLoS ONE 2 (7): e600.
  • Head G., Brown C.R., Groth M.E., Duan J.J. 2001. Cry1Ab protein levels in phytophagous insects feeding on transgenic corn: implications for secondary exposure risk assessment. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 99 (1): 37–45.
  • Lövei G.L., Arpaia S. 2005. The impact of transgenic plants on natural enemies: a critical review of laboratory studies. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 114 (1): 1–14.
  • Lövei G.L., Andow D.A., Arpaia S. 2009. Transgenic insecticidal crops and natural enemies: a detailed review of laboratory studies. Environ. Entomol. 38 (2): 293–306.
  • Lozzia G.C., Furlanis C., Manachini B., Rigamonti I.E. 1998. Effects of Bt corn on Rhopalosiphum padi L. (Rhynchota Aphididae) and on its predator Chrysoperla carnea Stephen (Neuroptera Chrysopidae). Boll. Zool. Agr. Bachic. Serie II 30 (2): 153–164.
  • Lumbierres B., Albajes R., Pons X. 2004. Transgenic Bt maize and Rhopalosiphum padi (Hom., Aphididae) performance. Ecol. Entomol. 29 (3): 309–317.
  • Ma C.-S., Hau B., Poehling H.-M. 2004. Effects of pattern and timing of high temperature exposure on reproduction of the rose grain aphid, Metopolophium dirhodum. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 110 (1): 65–71.
  • Pons X., Lumbierres B., López C., Albajes R. 2005. Abundance of non-target pests in transgenic Bt-maize: a farm scale study. Eur. J. Entomol. 102 (1): 73–79.
  • Ramirez-Romero R., Desneux N., Chaufaux J., Kaiser L. 2008. Bt-maize effects on biological parameters of the non-target aphid Sitobion avenae (Homoptera: Aphididae) and Cry1Ab toxin detection. Pestic. Biochem. Phys. 91 (2): 110–115.
  • Raps A., Kehr J., Gugerli P., Moar W.J., Bigler F., Hilbeck A. 2001. Immunological analysis of phloem sap of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and of the non-target herbivore Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) for the presence of Cry1Ab. Mol. Ecol. 10 (2): 525–533.
  • Romeis J., Waldburger M., Streckeisen Ph., Hogervorst P.A.M., Keller B., Winzeler M., Bigler F. 2007. Performance of transgenic spring wheat plants and effects on non-target organisms under glasshouse and semi-field conditions. J. Appl. Entomol. 131 (9–10): 593–602.
  • Romeis J., Meissle M. 2010. Non-target risk assessment of Bt crops – Cry protein uptake by aphids. J. Appl. Entomol. 135 (1–2): 1–6.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-d1ef9df0-f395-4f95-bdde-391acf086259
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