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2006 | Special Issue S2 |
Tytuł artykułu

A probabilistic concept of assessment of amount of noxious substances contained in exhaust gas emitted from self-ignition engines

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
A probabilistic concept of toxicity assessment of exhaust gas emitted from self-ignition engines was presented. Without such assessment it is not possible to determine pro-ecological merits of various transport means driven by self-ignition engines, including inland waterways passenger ships. In the concept a model of starting-up process of self-ignition engines was taken into consideration. The model was presented in the form of a semi-Markovian process, discrete in states and continuous during service. The states of the process are : the cold engine state (s1 ), warm engine state (s2) and hot engine state (s3 ). It made it possible to determine probabilities of the starting-up of engines from its particular states. For determination of mass of noxious substances contained in exhaust gas it is necessary to know the probabilities. Usefulness of the model in assessing amount of the noxious substances results from that during the starting-up of such engines many noxious substances are produced
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Opis fizyczny
p.33-37,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Faculty of Ocean Engineering and Ship Technology, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Bielaczyc P., Merkisz J., Pielecha J.: Thermal state of diesel engine versus emission of noxious compounds (in Polish). Publishing House of Poznan University of Technology, Poznań 2001.
  • 2. Brun R.: High-speed diesel engines (in Polish). Communication and Transport Publishers (WKiŁ), Warszawa 1973. Translation of the book : Science et Technique du Moteur Diesel Industriel et de Transport. Copyright by Societe des Editions Tech. Et Institut Francais du Petrole, Paris 1967.
  • 3. Girtler J.: Possible applications and usefulness of semi-Markovian processes in modeling operational processes of machines (in Polish). Problems of Operation of Machines (Zagadnienia Eksploatacji Maszyn), issue 3/1996
  • 4. Grabski F.: Theory of semi-Markovian processes of operation of technical objects (in Polish). Scientific Bulletins of Polish Naval University (Zeszyty Naukowe AMW), no.75 A, Gdynia 1982.
  • 5. Höglund P.G., Ydstedt A.: Reduced Air Pollution and Fuel Consumption with Preheated Car Engines. Urban Transport and the Environment for the 21st Century, International Conference, Lisbon 1998.
  • 6. Larson R.E.: Vehicle Emission Characteristics under Cold Ambient Conditions. SAE Technical Paper 890021.
  • 7. Lindl B., Schmotz H.G.: Cold Start Equipment for Diesel Direct Injection Engines. SAE Technical Paper 1999-01-1244.
  • 8. Lotko W.: Supply of diesel engines with alternative fuels (in Polish). ITE, Radom 1995.
  • 9. Piotrowski I.: Ship diesel engines (in Polish). Maritime Publishing House (Wydawnictwo Morskie), Gdańsk 1971.
  • 10. Piotrowski I., Witkowski K.: Operation of ship diesel engines (in Polish). Gdynia Maritime Academy, Gdynia 2002.
  • 11. Samhaber Ch., Wimmer A., Loibner E., Bartsch P.: Simulation of Engine Warm-Up. 21 Internationales Wiener Motorensymposium, Vien 2000.
  • 12. Schürfeld A.: Verbesserung der Kaltstartfähigkeit und Reduzierung der Rauchemissionen bei Kaltstart und Warmlauf von Dieselmotoren durch Ansaugluftvorwärmung mit einen Brennersystem variabler Leistung. Pierbung AG, Neuss 1997.
  • 13. Wajand J.A.: Self-ignition engines (in Polish). Scientific Technical Publishing House (WNT), Warszawa 2004.
  • 14. Zabłocki M.: Injection and combustion in diesel engines (in Polish). Communication and Transport Publishers (WkiŁ), Warszawa 1976.
  • 15. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and Motor-test Center of the Swedish Motor Vehicle Inspection Company: Cold Climate Emissions, 1993.
  • 16. Girtler J.: Analysis of possible application of pro-ecological fuels to diesel engines for inland waterways passenger ships in the aspect of their durability, reliability and operational economy with taking into account problems of ship refuelling (in Polish). Research report no. 183/E/05, E!3065EUREKA INCOWATRANS project, Gdańsk University of Technology, Gdańsk 2005
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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