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2010 | 19 | 1 | 72-80
Tytuł artykułu

Standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids in some cereals, rapeseed products and maize DDGS for broiler chickens at the age of 14 days

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The experiment was conducted to assess the ileal digestibility values for the purpose of evaluating the ability of 14-day-old broilers to utilize the amino acids (AA) from different plant feeds. The feeds included two cereals: maize and wheat; full-fat seeds of rape (FRS); four local by-product: cold-pressed rapeseed cake (RC1), rapeseed cake from precooked (90°C) seeds (RC2), solvent-extracted rapeseed meal (RSM), maize distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), and soyabean meal (SBM), used as the model protein feed. The standardized ileal digestibilities of AA (SID) were measured using the assay diets containing Cr2O3 as an indigestible marker. A protein-free diet was formulated to estimate the basal ileal endogenous AA losses. Dietary protein in the assay diets was supplied solely by the test ingredients. Each diet was offered for 5 days to 4 replicate cages of 12 birds. For wheat the SID coefficients of most AA were significantly or numerically greater compared with maize. The numerical superiority of the SBM over all the other protein sources tested was found for SID of most AA, with statistically confirmed differences for threonine, tryptophan, serine and tyrosine. Among protein feeds examined DDGS had the lowest digestibility of lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan and cystine. Of the four rapeseed feeds, RSM had the lowest digestibility of lysine, histidine, alanine, glycine and serine. Considering the SID of the 18 amino acids, protein-rich feeds tested in this study were ranked as follows: SBM > RC1 > RC2 > FRS > RSM > DDGS. However, the SID values of lysine and methionine in both rapeseed cakes (RC1 and RC2) were comparable to those obtained for SBM.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
19
Numer
1
Strony
72-80
Opis fizyczny
p.72-80,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • National Research Institute of Animal Production, 32-083 Balice, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Adedokun S.A., Adeola O., Parsons C.M., Lilburn M.S., Applegate T.J., 2008. Standardized ileal amino acid digestibility of plant feedstuffs in broiler chickens and turkey poults using a nitrogenfree or casein diet. Poultry Sci. 87, 2535-2548
  • Adedokun S.A., Parsons C.M., Lilburn M.S., Adeola O., Applegate T.J., 2007. Comparison of ileal endogenous amino acid flows in broiler chicks and turkey poults. Poultry Sci. 86, 1682-1689
  • AOAC, 2000. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edition. Gaithersburg, MD
  • Garcia A.R., Batal A.B., Dale N.M., 2007. A comparison of methods to determine amino acid digestibility of feed ingredients for chickens. Poultry Sci. 86, 94-101
  • Huang K.H., Ravindran V., Li X., Bryden W.L., 2005. Influence of age on the apparent ileal amino acid digestibility of feed ingredient for broiler chickens. Brit. Poultry Sci. 46, 236-245
  • Kadim I.T., Moughan P.J., 1997. Development of an ileal amino acid digestibility assay for the growing chicken - effects of time after feeding and site of sampling. Brit. Poultry Sci. 38, 89-95
  • Kadim I.T., Moughan P.J., Ravindran V., 2002. Ileal amino acid digestibility assay for the growing meat chicken - comparison of ileal and excreta amino acid digestibility in the chicken. Brit. Poultry Sci. 44, 588-597
  • Kluth H., Mehlhorn K., Rodehutscord M., 2005. Studies on the intestine section to be sampled in broiler studies on precaecal amino acid digestibility. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59, 271-279
  • Lemme A., Ravindran V., Bryden W.L., 2004. Ileal digestibility of amino acids in feed ingredients for broilers. World Poultry Sci. J. 60, 423-437
  • Moughan P.J., Schuttert G., Leenaars M., 1992. Endogenous amino acid flow in the stomach and small intestine of the young growing rat. J. Sci. Food Agr. 60, 437-442
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  • Pahm A.A., Scherer C.S., Pettigrew J.E., Baker D.H., Parsons C.M., Stein H.H., 2009. Standardized amino acid digestibility in cecectomized roosters and lysine bioavailability in chicks fed distillers dried grains with solubles. Poultry Sci. 88, 571-578
  • Perttilä S., Valaja J., Partanen K., Jalava T., Vanäläinen E., 2002. Apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in protein feedstuffs and diet formulation based on total vs digestible lysine for poultry. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 98, 203-218
  • Ravindran V., Hew L.I., Ravindran G., Bryden W.L., 2004. Endogenous amino acid flow in the avian ileum: quantification using three techniques. Brit. Poultry Sci. 92, 217-223
  • Ravindran V., Hew L.I., Ravindran G., Bryden W.L., 2005. Apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in dietary ingredients for broiler chickens. Anim. Sci. 81, 85-97
  • Saha D.C., Gilbreath R.L., 1991. Analytical recovery of chromium from diet and feces determined by colorimetry and atomic absorption spectrophotometry. J. Sci. Food Agr. 55, 433-446
  • Smulikowska S., Rutkowski A. (Editors), 2005. Nutritional Recommendations and Feed Composition Tables for Poultry (in Polish). Publishers: The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jabłonna (Poland) and Polish Branch of WPSA, pp. 105-109
  • Szczurek W., 2009. Standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids from several cereal grains and protein-rich feedstuffs in broiler chickens at the age of 30 days. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18, 662-676
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-ccc58776-4c8d-42b0-98bc-08200b0bd926
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