Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2004 | 49 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Seasonal and spatial pattern of shelter use by badgers Meles meles in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland)

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In 1997-2001, we investigated the use of day-time shelters by radio-collared badgers Meles meles (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Białowieża Primeval Forest, eastern Poland. Each social group of badgers utilised, on average, 9 different shelters per territory (range: 4-20). The main setts, occupied for breeding and winter sleep, were also most frequently used for day-time rest throughout the year (73% of days). Badgers living in the pristine oldgrowth stands utilised larger number of shelters and spent more days in hollow trees (mainly lime Tilia cordata), compared to badgers inhabiting younger secondary tree stands. Number of shelters used by individuals varied between seasons and depended on sex and age of animals. In summer, badgers used more shelters than in spring and autumn. In winter, they stayed in their main setts only. Adult males occupied more shelters and spent fewer days in the main sett than other badgers. In spring, females rearing young used only the main setts. The average underground space used by badgers within the main sett was 128 m2. It was largest in summer and smallest in winter, and also varied between males and females. We proposed that, in a low-density population, badgers used several setts and other daily shelters to reduce energy expenditure when exploring their large territories and foraging. Furthermore, setts may play a role of marking sites. Analysis of the biogeographical pattern of sett use by European badgers showed that the number of setts used by social groups increased with increasing territory size, whereas the density of setts (n setts/km2) was negatively correlated with territory size. We proposed that different factors could shape the utilisation of setts by badgers in low- and high-density populations.
Opis fizyczny
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, 17-230 Bialowieza, Poland
  • Bevanger K. and Brøseth H. 1998. Body temperature changes in wild-living badgersMeles meles through the winter. Wildlife Biology 4: 97–101.
  • Blumstein T. D. and Arnold W. 1998. Ecology and social behavior of golden marmots (Marmota caudate aurea). Journal of Mammalogy 79: 873–886.
  • Bobiec A. 2002. Living stands and dead wood in the Białowieża forest: suggestion for restoration management. Forest Ecology and Management 165: 125–140.
  • Brøseth H., Bevanger K. and Knutsen B. 1997. Function of multiple badgerMeles meles setts: distribution and utilisation. Wildlife Biology 3: 89–96.
  • Brown J. A., Cheeseman C. L. and Harris S. 1992. Studies on the spread of bovine tuberculosis from badgers to cattle. Journal of Zoology, London 227: 694–696.
  • Buesching C. D. and Macdonald D. W. 2001. Scent-marking behaviour of the European badger (Meles meles): resource defence or individual advertisement? [In: Chemical signals in vertebrates 9. A. Marchlewska-Koj, J. J. Lepri and D. Müller-Schwarze, eds]. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York: 321–327.
  • Butler J. and Roper T. J. 1996. Ectoparasites and sett use in European badgers. Animal Behaviour 52: 621–629.
  • Clark P. J. and Evans F. C. 1954. Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology 35: 445–453.
  • Faliński J. B. 1977. Białowieża Primeval Forest. Phytocoenosis 6: 133–148.
  • Feore S. and Montgomery W. I. 1999. Habitat effects on the spatial ecology of the European badger (Meles meles). Journal of Zoology, London 247: 537–549.
  • Ferrari N. 1997. Eco-éthologie du blaireau européen (Meles meles L., 1758) dans le Jura Suisse: comparison de deux populations vivant en milieu montagnard et en milieu cultivé de plaine. PhD thesis, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland: 1–252.
  • Gorman M. L. and Mills M. G. L. 1984. Scent marking strategies in hyaenas (Mammalia). Journal of Zoology, London 202: 535–547.
  • Gosling L. M. and Roberts S. C. 2001. Testing ideas about the function of scent marks in territories from spatial patterns. Animal Behaviour 62: F7-F10.
  • Hofmann T. 1999. Untersuchungen zur Ökologie des europäischen Dachses (Meles meles, L. 1758) im Hakelwald (nordöstliches Harzvorland). PhD thesis, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany: 1–102.
  • Huygens O., Goto M., Izumiyama S., Hayashi H. and Yoshida T. 2001. Denning ecology of two populations of Asiatic black bears in Nagano prefecture, Japan. Mammalia 65: 417–428.
  • Jacobs J. 1974. Quantitative measurement of food selection. A modification of the forage ratio and Ivlev’s electivity index. Oecologia 14: 413–417.
  • Jędrzejewska B. and Jędrzejewski W. 1998 Predation in vertebrate communities. The Białowieża Primeval Forest as a case study. Ecological Studies 135. Springer-Verlag, Berlin — Heidelberg — New York: 1–450.
  • Kowalczyk R., Bunevich A. N. and Jędrzejewska B. 2000. Badger density and distribution of setts in Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland and Belarus) compared to other Eurasian populations. Acta Theriologica 45: 395–408.
  • Kowalczyk R., Jędrzejewska B. and Zalewski A. 2003a. Annual and circadian activity patterns of badgersMeles meles in Białowieża Primeval Forest (E Poland) compared to other Palaearctic populations. Journal of Biogeography 30: 463–472.
  • Kowalczyk R., Zalewski A. Jędrzejewska B. and Jędrzejewski W. 2003b. Spatial organization and demography of badgersMeles meles in Białowieża Forest (Poland) and the influence of earthworms on badger densities in Europe. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81: 74–87.
  • Kreeger T. J. 1997. Handbook of wildlife chemical immobilization. Wildlife Pharmaceuticals Inc., Fort Collins: 1–342.
  • Kruuk H. 1978. Spatial organization and territorial behaviour of the European badgerMeles meles L. Journal of Zoology, London 184: 1–19.
  • Kwiatkowski W. 1994. Vegetation landscapes of Białowieża Forest. Phytocoenosis (N.S.), Supplementum Cartographiae Geobotanicae 6: 35–87.
  • Macdonald D. W. 1980. Patterns of scent marking with urine and faeces amongst carnivore communities. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 45: 107–139.
  • Nilsson S. G., Niklasson M., Hedin J., Aronsson G., Gutowski J. M., Linder P. Ljungberg H., Mikusiński G. and Ranius T. 2002. Densities of large living and dead trees in old-growth temperate and boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management 161: 189–204.
  • O’Corry-Crowe G., Eves J. and Hayden T. J. 1993. Sett distribution, territory size and population density of badgers (Meles meles L.) in east Offaly. [In: The badger. T. J. Hayden, ed]. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin: 35–56.
  • Ostler J. and Roper T. J. 1998. Changes in size, status, and distribution of badgerMeles meles L. setts during a 20-year period. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 63: 200–209.
  • Pigozzi G. 1990. Latrine use and the function of territoriality in the European badger,Meles meles, in a mediterranean coastal habitat. Animal Behaviour 39: 1000–1002.
  • Revilla E., and Palomares F. 2002. Spatial organization, group living and ecological correlates in low-density populations of Eurasian badgers,Meles meles. Journal of Animal Ecology 71: 497–512.
  • Revilla E., Palomares F. and Fernández N. 2001. Characteristics, location and selection of diurnal resting dens by Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) in a low density area. Journal of Zoology, London 255: 291–299.
  • Roberts S. C. and Lowen C. 1997. Optimal patterns of scent marks in klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) territories. Journal of Zoology, London 243: 565–578.
  • Rogers L. M., Cheeseman C. L. and Mallinson J. 1997. The demography of a high-density badger (Meles meles) population in the west of England. Journal of Zoology, London 242: 705–728.
  • Roper T. J. 1992. BadgerMeles meles setts — architecture, internal environment and function. Mammal Review 22: 43–53.
  • Roper T. J. 1993. Badger setts as a limiting resource. [In: The badger. T. J. Hayden, ed.]. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin: 26–34.
  • Roper T. J. and Christian S. F. 1992. Sett use in badgers (Meles meles). [In: Wildlife telemetry: remote monitoring and tracking of animals. I. G. Priede and S. M. Swift, eds]. Ellis Horwood, Chichester: 661–669.
  • Roper T. J., Conradt L., Butler J., Christian S. E., Ostler J. and Schmid T. K. 1993. Territorial marking with faeces in badgers (Meles meles): a comparison of boundary and hinterland latrine use. Behaviour 127: 289–307.
  • Roper T. J., Ostler J., Schmid T. K. and Christian S. E. 2001. Sett use in European badgersMeles meles. Behaviour 138: 173–187.
  • Roper T. J., Shepherdson D. J. and Davies J. M. 1986. Scent marking with faeces and anal secretion in the European badgers (Meles meles): seasonal and spatial characteristics of latrine use in relation to territoriality. Behaviour 97: 94–117.
  • Roper T. J., Tait A. I., Fee D. and Christian S. E. 1991. Internal structure and contents of three badger (Meles meles) setts. Journal of Zoology, London 225: 115–124.
  • Rukovskii N. 1968. [Badger]. Okhota i okhothnichie khozyaistvo 6: 20–21. [In Russian]
  • Stewart D., Macdonald D. W., Newman C. and Cheeseman C. L. 2001. Boundary faeces and matched advertisement in the European badger (Meles meles): a potential role in range exclusion. Journal of Zoology, London 255: 191–198.
  • Vleck D. 1979. The energy cost of burrowing by the pocket gopherThomomys bottae. Physiological Zoology 52: 122–136.
  • Woodroffe R. and Macdonald D. W. 2000. Helpers provide no detectable benefits in the European badger (Meles meles). Journal of Zoology, London 250: 113–119.
  • Zub K., Theuerkauf J., Jędrzejewski W., Jędrzejewska B., Schmidt K. and Kowalczyk R. 2003. Wolf pack territory marking in the Białowieża Primeval Forest (Poland). Behaviour 140: 635–648.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.