Ocena zywienia i stanu odzywienia osob z nadwaga lub otyloscia
W pracy oceniano wartość energetyczną dziennych racji pokarmowych oraz zawartość głównych składników odżywczych u osób z nadwagą lub otyłością rozpoczynających pracę w grupie wsparcia otyłych. Stwierdzane błędy żywieniowe dotyczyły niewłaściwych proporcji w spożyciu białka, tłuszczów, węglowodanów, cholesterolu pokarmowego i błonnika.
Nutritional condition and dietary habits were evaluated in people with excessive body weight or obesity. As much as 100 volunteers (91 women and 9 men) who had just joined a group for body-weight-control were examined. Daily food rations of the volunteers were assessed by 24-h recall covering the day before the interview. Overweight was diagnosed in 33% women; the remaining patients were obese. It was noted that BMI used to assess nutritional condition did not provide a reliable method for the classification of overweight and obesity. In 3 women with overweight and in one with obesity (as classified by BMI), the increased body weight was found to be due to the increase of non lipid tissue (muscles), as determined by the BIA method. Food rations of the patients with overweight or obesity were also analysed. It was found that in the majority of the examined women (69.2%), the rations did not satisfy the daily energy requirement, while the rations of the men usually comprised high-energy foodstuffs (66.7%). Protein intake was higher than usual in 83.5% women and 77% men. Their diets were characterised by high levels of animal proteins. Dietary intake of fats was lower than normal in 50% women, and the daily intake of dietary cholesterol was below 300 mg. Dietary intake of carbohydrates was lower than normal in 91.2% women. High carbohydrate content was noted in 55.5% men. Intake of dietary fibre was lower than normal 58.2% women and 33.3% men. The results of this study show abnormal contents of the major food components in the dietary rations of people with overweight or obesity. Improper proportions of the major dietary components may contribute to overweight and obesity.