Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2002 | 05 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Application of solid-phase microextraction [SPME] to chromatographic determination of fusel alcohols in wines

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
A majority of the methods used for determination of fusel alcohols in wines by gas chromatography requires separation of the analysed substances from other components, mainly extract constituents, which can hamper the measurements. The aim of this study was to establish whether SPME method can be used for quick chromatographic determination of fusel alcohols in red wines. The studies were conducted on different red wines commercially available on domestic market. It was shown that the results for isobutanol were usually overestimated, while butanol recovery ranged from 97 to 116%, and approximated actual content of this component in the test sample. Sorption of amyl alcohols on fibres was in the range from 82 to 95%. Addition of strong electrolyte, such as sodium chloride, to a wine increased mictoextraction efficiency and precision of chromatographic determination of fusel alcohols.
Opis fizyczny
  • Agricultural University of Krakow, Ave 29 Listopada 46, 31-413 Krakow, Poland
  • Correira M., Delerue-Matos C., Alves A., 2001. Development of a SPME-GC-ECD methodology for selected pesticides in must and wine samples. Fres. J. Anal. Chem., 369, 647-651.
  • Garcia D. C., Reichenbächer M., Danzer K., Hurlbeck C., Bartzsch C., Feller K. H., 1998. Use of solid-phase microextraction-capillary-gas chromatography (SPME-CGC) for the varietal characterization of wines by means of chemometrical methods. Fres. J. Anal. Chem., 360, 784–787.
  • Gil J. V., Mateo J. J., Pastor A., Huerta T., 1996. Aroma compounds in wine as influenced by Apiculate yeast. J. Food Sci., 61, 1247-1249.
  • Holloway P., Subden R. E., 1991. Volatile metabolites produced in a Riesling must by wild yeast isolates. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Techn. J., 24, 57-59.
  • Kataoka H., Lord H. L., Pawliszyn J., 2000. Applications of solid-phase microextraction in food analysis. J. Chromatogr. A, 880, 35-62.
  • Marengo E., Aceto M., Maurino V., 2001. Classification of Nebbiolo-based wines from Piedmont (Italy) by means of solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds. J. Chromatogr. A, 943, 123-137.
  • Mestres M., Sala C., Marti M. P., Busto O., Guasch J., 1999. Headspace solid-phase microextraction of sulphides and disulphides using Carboxen-polidimetylosiloxane fibers in the analysis of wine aroma. J. Chromatogr. A, 835, 137-144.
  • Noble A. C., Flath R. A., Forrey R. R., 1980. Wine headspace analysis. Reproducibility and application to varietal classification. J. Agric. Food Chem., 28, 346-353.
  • Pozo-Bayón M. A., Pueyo E., Martin-Álvarez, Polo M. C., 2001. Polydimethylsiloxane solid-phase microextraction–gas chromatography method for the analysis of volatile compounds in wines. Its application to the characterization of varietal wines. Chromatogr. A, 922, 267-275.
  • Shimoda M., Shibamoto T., Noble A. C., 1993. Evaluation of headspace volatiles of Cabernet Sauvignon wines sampled by an on–column method. J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1664-1668.
  • Skąpska S., Rosa J., Kostrzewska E., Jendrzejczak Z., 1998. Oznaczanie metanolu i fuzli w winach oraz napojach winopochodnych [Determination of methanol and fusel in wines and wine-like beverages]. Przem. Ferm. Owoc.-Warzyw., 6, 41-43 [in Polish].
  • Villen J., Senorans F. J., Reglero G., Herriaz M., 1995. Analysis of wine aroma by direct injection in gas chromatography without previous extraction. J. Agric. Food Chem., 43, 717-722.
  • Wada K., Shibamoto T., 1997. Isolation and identification of volatile compounds from a wine using solid phase extraction, gas chromatography, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 4362-4366.
  • Witkiewicz Z., Hetper J., 2001. Chromatografia gazowa [Gas chromatography]. WNT, Warszawa [in Polish].
  • Yang X., Peppard T., 1994. Solid–phase microextraction for flavour analysis. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 1925–1930.
  • Zhou Y., Riesen R., Gilpin Ch. S., 1996. Comparison of Amberlite XAD-2/freon 11 extraction with liquid/liquid extraction for the determination of wine flavour. J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 818-822.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.