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2006 | 13 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Abundance of wild rodents, ticks and environmental risk of Lyme borreliosis: a longitudinal study in an area of Mazury Lakes District of Poland

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The results of a longitudinal epidemiological survey in two contrasting habitats in an area of the Mazury Lakes district of Poland indicate that both host and vector (Ixodes ricinus) densities, may be the most important risk factors for the tick-transmitted spirochetes of Borrelia burgdirferi s.l. However, the results also highlight that even related host species, such as the wild rodents Apodemus flavicollis and Clethrionomys glareolus that share the same habitat, can show quite different dynamics of tick infestation. We provide evidence that the woodland populations of A. flavicollis and C. glareolus are more frequently infested with larvae than nymphs, and more frequently with both stages than M. arvalis in the neighbouring open fallow lands. The prevalence of infestation with larvae varied from 92% for A. flavicollis, and 76% for C. glareolus to 37% for M. arvalis. Other factors, such as population age structure and sex, were also shown to impact on tick densities on hosts at particular times of the year and hence on the zoonotic risk. Moreover, particular species of rodents from different habitats, A. flavicollis (woodlands) and Microtus arvalis (fallow lands) carry infected immature I. ricinus ticks more frequently than C. glareolus voles (woodlands). Thus, the relative contribution of each species to the cumulative reservoir competence differs among species living in the woodland habitats and in relation to voles living in the fallow lands. It follows, therefore, that any factor which reduces the relative density of A. flavicollis in comparison to other hosts in the wild rodent community, will reduce also the risk of human exposure to Lyme borreliosis spirochetes.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.295-300,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Warsaw University, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
autor
autor
autor
Bibliografia
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  • 9. Kurtenbach K, Kampen H, Dizij A, Arndt S, Seitz HM, Schaible U, Simon M: Infestation of rodents with larval Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) is an important factor in the transmission cycle of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. In German woodlands. J Med Entomol 1995, 32, 807-817.
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  • 11. LoGiudice K, Ostfeld RS, Schmidt KA, Keesing F: The ecology of infectious disease: Effects of host diversity and community composition on Lyme disease risk. PNAS 2003, 100, 567-571.
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  • 13. Michalik J, Hofman T, Buczek A, Skoracki M, Sikora B: Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks collected from vegetation and small rodents in recreational areas of the city of Poznań. J Med Entomol 2003, 40, 690-697.
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  • 15. Pawełczyk A, Sinski E: The bank vole (Clethrionomys glareolus) as a natural reservoir for Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in the northern part of Poland. Int J Med Microbiol 2002, 291(Suppl. 33), 205.
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  • 17. Picken MM, Picken RN, Hann D, Cheng Y, Strle F: Single-tube nested polymerase chain reaction assay based on flagellin gene sequences for detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 1996, 15, 489-498.
  • 18. Rijpkema S, Golubić D, Molkenboer M, Verbeek-De Kruif N, Schellekens J: Identification of four genomic groups of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in a Lyme borreliosis endemic region of northern Croatia. Exp Appl Acarol 1996, 20, 23-30.
  • 19. Siński E, Pawełczyk A: Detection of reservoirs for Lyme borreliosis in the Mazury Lakes District, Poland. Zentralbl Bakteriol 1999, 289, 698-703.
  • 20. Stanko M, Miklisova D: Infestation trends of two rodent species (Rodentia, Muridae) on the East Slovakian Lowland. In: Buczek A, Błaszak C Eds): Stawonogi pasożytnicze i alergogenne, 105-114. KGM, Lublin 2002.
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  • 22. World Health Organization: Report of WHO workshop on Lyme borreliosis diagnosis and surveillance, Warsaw, Poland [WHO/CDS/VPH/95], 141. WHO, Geneva 1996.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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