Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2005 | 14 | 3 |
Tytuł artykułu

International business and environmental issues - some empirical evidence from transition economies

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
A review of the existing scientific literature regarding world trade and foreign direct investment (FDI), both theoretical and empirical, demonstrates the existence of a growing link between international business and protection of the natural environment, in both positive and negative directions. Some authors voice the opinion that accelerated deregulation and trade liberalization play a particularly important role in this relationship. Environmental norms and standards play a significant role in determining the competitiveness of goods and products on the international market. There are a number of different norms and standards concerning environmental management and the implementation of systems of environmental management. Among the most significant is the EMAS system and the concept of an integrated environmental management system according to ISO 14001 that is based on the fundamental elements of the Total Quality Management (TQM) idea. In light of the explosive expansion of international trade in environmental services that promote “clean” technologies and production equipment, a firm’s proper environmental policies may have a positive effect on the international competitiveness of its products and services, yielding an advantage to those producers and exporters who first initiate and implement them. The aims of this paper are: -to analyze the general impact of international business on the environment in transition economies, -to present the results of macroeconomic comparative research concerning changes in the export and import positions of two selected groups of goods and products in countries which have undergone systemic transformation, -to examine motives of foreign investors for investing in CEE countries connected with environmental issues and to analyze environmental protection strategies implemented by foreign investors, their participation in environmental protection programs and the influence of these activities on the competitiveness of foreign firms, and -to present the results of a survey of 286 enterprises in Poland concerning the relationship between the application of European and international environmental norms and standards and the enterprises’ competitiveness in both domestic and foreign markets prior to Poland’s entrance to the European Union.
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Lodz, Rewolucji 1905 41, 90-214 Lodz, Poland
  • 1. REPETTO R., “Trade and Environment Policies: Achieving Complementarities and Avoiding Conflicts”, Washington, DC: World Resources Institute, 1993.
  • 2. LUCAS R.E.B., (B) Economic Development, Environmental Regulation and International Mitigation of Toxic Industrial Pollution: 1960-1998 in P. Low /ed./ International Trade and the Environment, Discussion Paper 159, Washington, DC, World Bank.
  • 3. OECD, Foreign Direct Investment and the Environment, OECD Proceedings, Paris, 1999.
  • 4. OECD, Environmental Goods and Services Industry - Manual for Data Collection and Analysis, OECD-EUROSTAT, WTO, Paris, 1999.
  • 5. EKINS P.C., FOLKE C., COSTANZA R., Trade, Environment and Development: The Issues in Perspective, Ecological Economics, 9(1), 1994.
  • 6. ALPAY S., The Trade and Environment Nexus in: E. Ortiz, A. Cabello (ed.), Economic Issues and Globalization: Theory and Evidence, ISINI, 1999.
  • 7. ANTWEILERW., COPELAND B., TAYLOR M., Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 6707.2., 1988.
  • 8. WALTER I., The Pollution Content of American Trade, Western Economic Journal 11(1), 61, 2000.
  • 9. XINPENG XU, LIANG SONG, Regional Cooperation and the Environment: Do “Dirty” Industries Migrate?, Weltwirtschaftlisches Archiv, Band 136, 2000.
  • 10. SORSA P., Competitiveness and Environmental Standards, The World Bank Research Working Papers, February, 1994.
  • 11. EC, Communication to the Council and the Parliament on Trade and Environment, Brussels, 28.02.96.COM (96) 54, Final, 1996.
  • 12. EC, Communication on Economic Growth and Environment, COM(94)465 final, Brussels, 1994.
  • 13. UNCTAD, World Investment Report 2002. Transantional Corporations and Export Competitiveness, UN, New York and Geneva, 2002.
  • 14. GENTRY B.D. (ed.), Private Capital Flows and the Environment. Lessons from Latin America, Cheltenham, Northampton, pp. 276-292, 1998.
  • 15. PAIZ, Opinia inwestorów zagranicznych o społecznych i ekonomicznych warunkach działalności w Polsce. Badania przeprowadzone na zlecenie PAIZ, Warszawa (Opinions of foreign investors concerning the social and economic conditions for operating in Poland. Research conducted for PAIZ {Polish Agency for Foreign Investment}, Warsaw), 2000.
  • 16. WITKOWSKA J., WYSOKIŃSKA Z. (eds.), Motivations of Foreign Direct Investors and their Propensity to Exports in the Context of European Integration Process. Empirical Studies with Special Reference to Eastern and Central European Countries, University of Lodz, Lodz, 1997.
  • 17. WITKOWSKA J., Bezpośrednie inwestycje zagraniczne a ochrona środowiska w Polsce w procesie transformacji i integracji z UE, w: Integracja Polski z Unią Europejską w dziedzinie ochrony środowiska- problemy, korzyści, zagrożenia. Red. M. Burchard-Dziubińska, Łódź. “Direct foreign investment and the environment in Poland during the processes of transformation and integration with the EU”. Article appearing in: Poland’s Integration with the European Union in the area of Environmental Protection: problems, opportunities, and threats. Edited by M. Burchard-Dziubińska, Łódź), 2000.
  • 18. UNCTAD, World Investment Report 1999. Foreign Direct Investment and the Challenge of Development, New York and Geneva, 1999.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.