Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2002 | 47 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Species richness relative abundances and habitat use in local assemblages of Sorex shrews in Eurasian boreal forests

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Using a large body of observational data on the occurrence of Sorex shrews in boreal forests, we test two models that predict the structure of small mammal com­munities along a gradient of increasing habitat productivity. Tilman's (1982) model predicts a humped curve of species richness along productivity gradients. In contrast, we found a linear increase in species richness with increasing logarithm of the pooled density of shrews, which we use as a measure of habitat productivity for shrews. The model of Hanski and Kaikusalo (1989) assumes a trade-off between exploitative and interference competitive abilities, and it predicts that the size structure of small mammal communities should shift from the dominance of small species (superior in exploitative competition) in unproductive habitats to the dominance of large species (superior in interference competition) in productive habitats. Shrew assemblages show such a shift. Though it is not possible to draw definite conclusions about the role of interspecific competition from our observational data, the changing size structure of local shrew assemblages with increasing habitat productivity is a predictable feature of their community structure.
Opis fizyczny
  • Russian Academy of Sciences, 33 Leninsky Prospect, Moscow, 117071 Russia
  • Abramsky Z. and Rosenzweig M. L. 1984. Tilman's predicted productivity-diversity relationship shown by desert rodents. Nature 309: 150-151.
  • Bourski O. V. and Forstmeier W. 2000. Does interspecific competition affect territorial distribution of birds? A long-term study on Siberian Phylloscopus warblers. Oikos 88: 341-350.
  • Brown J. H. 1973. Species diversity of seed-eating desert rodents in sand dune habitats. Ecology 54: 775-787.
  • Brown J. H. 1975. Geographical ecology of desert rodents. [In: Ecology and evolution of communities. M. L. Cody and J. Diamond, eds]. Belknap, Cambridge, Mass: 315-341.
  • Butterfield J., Coulson J. C. and Wanless S. 1981. Studies on the distribution, food, breeding biology and relative abundance of the pygmy and common shrews (Sorex minutus and S. araneus) in upland areas of Northern England. Journal of Zoology, London 195: 169-180.
  • Castien E. and Gosalbez J. 1999. Habitat and food preferences in a guild of insectivorous mammals in the Western Pyrenees. Acta Theriologica 44: 1-13.
  • Churchfield S. 1982. Food availability and the diet of the common shrew Sorex araneus in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology 51: 15-28.
  • Churchfield S., Nesterenko V. A. and Shvarts E. A. 1999. Food niche overlap and ecological separation amongst six species of coexisting forest shrews (Insectivora: Soricidae) in the Russian Far East. Journal of Zoology, London 248: 349-359.
  • Churchfield S. and Sheftel B. I. 1994. Food niche overlap and ecological separation in a multi-species community of shrews in the Siberian taiga. Journal of Zoology, London 234: 105-124.
  • Churchfield S., Sheftel B. I., Moraleva N. V. and Shvarts E. A. 1997. Habitat occurrence and prey distribution of a multi-species community of shrews in the Siberian taiga. Journal of Zoology, London 241: 55-71.
  • Croin Michielsen N. 1966. Intraspecific and interspecific competition in the shrews Sorex araneus L. and Sorex minutus L. Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie 17: 73-174.
  • Crowcroft P. 1957. The life of the shrew. Reinhardt, London: 1-166.
  • Dickman C. R. 1988. Body size, prey size, and community structure in insectivorous mammals. Ecology 69: 569-580.
  • Dolgov V. A. 1985. [Red-toothed shrews of the Old World]. Moscow University Press, Moscow: 1-221. [In Russian]
  • Ellenbroek F. J. M. and Hamburger J. 1991. Interspecific interaction between the shrews Sorex araneus L. and S. minutus L. (Soricidae, Insectivora) and the use of habitat - a laboratory study. Netherlands Journal of Zoology 41: 32-61.
  • Fretwell S. D. 1977. The regulation of plant communities by the food chains exploiting them. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20: 169-185.
  • Hairston N. G., Smith F. E. and Slobodkin L. B. 1960. Community structure, population control, and competition. The American Naturalist 94: 421-425.
  • Hanski I. 1984. Food consumption, assimilation and metabolic rate in six species of shrew (Sorex and Neomys). Annales Zoologici Fennici 21: 157-165.
  • Hanski I. 1989. Population biology of Eurasian shrews: Towards a synthesis. Annales Zoologici Fennici 26: 469-479.
  • Hanski I. 1992. Insectivorous mammals. [In: Natural enemies: the population biology of predators, parasites and diseases. M. J. Crawley, ed]. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford: 163-187.
  • Hanski I. 1994. Population biological consequences of body size in Sorex. [In: Advances in the biology of shrews. J. F. Merritt, G. L. Kirkland Jr and R. K. Rose, eds]. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, Special Publication 18: 15-26.
  • Hanski I. and Kaikusalo A. 1989. Distribution and habitat selection of shrews in Finland. Annales Zoologici Fennici 26: 331-479.
  • Hawes M. L. 1977. Home range, territoriality and ecological separation in sympatric shrews Sorex vagrans and Sorex obscurus. Journal of Mammalogy 58: 354-367.
  • Holling C. S. 1959. The components of predation as revealed by a study of small-mammal predation of the European pine sawfly. Canadian Entomologist 91: 293-320.
  • Korpimàki E. and Norrdahl K. 1989. Avian and mammalian predators of shrews in Europe: regional differences, between-year and seasonal variation, and mortality due to predation. Annales Zoologici Fennici 26: 389-400.
  • Krushinska N. L. and Pucek Z. 1989. Ethological study of sympatric species of European water shrews. Acta Theriologica 34: 269-285.
  • Malmqvist M. G. 1985. Character displacement and biogeography of the pygmy shrew in Northern Europe. Ecology 66: 372-377.
  • Neet C. R. and Hausser J. 1990. Habitat selection in zones of parapatric contact between the common shrew Sorex araneus and Millet's shrew S. coronatus. Journal of Animal Ecology 59: 235-250.
  • Nesterenko V. A. 1999. Insectivores of the South Far East and their communities. Dalnauka, Vladivostok: 1-173. [In Russian with English summary]
  • Okhotina M. V. 1974. Morpho-ecological features making possible joint habitation for shrews of the genus Sorex (Soricidae, Insectivora). [In: Fauna and ecology of the terrestrial vertebrates of the
  • southern part of the Soviet Far East. M. V. Okhotina, ed]. Vladivostok, New Series 17: 42-57. [In Russian with English summary]
  • Oksanen L., Fretwell S. D. Arruda J. and Niemela P. 1981. Exploitation ecosystems in gradients of primary productivity. The American Naturalist 118: 240-261.
  • Owen J. G. 1988. On productivity as a predictor of rodent and carnivore diversity. Ecology 69: 1161-1165.
  • Pernetta J. C. 1976. Diets of the shrews Sorex araneus L. and Sorex minutus L. in Wytham grasslands. Journal of Animal Ecology 45: 899-912.
  • Pogrebnyak P. S. 1955. [Basis of forest typology]. Academy Sciences Press of Ukrainian SSR, Kiev: 1-456. [In Russian]
  • Rosenzweig M. L. 1995. Species diversity in space and time. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 1-436.
  • Rychlik L. 2000. Habitat preferences of four sympatric species of shrews. Acta Theriologica 45, Suppl. 1: 173-190.
  • Sheftel B. I. 1989. Long-term and seasonal dynamics of shrews in Central Siberia. Annales Zoologici Fennici 26: 357-370.
  • Sheftel B. I. 1994. Spatial distribution of nine species of shrews in the central Siberian taiga. [In: Advances in the biology of shrews. J. F. Merritt, G. L. Kirkland Jr and R. K. Rose, eds]. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, Special Publication 18: 45-55.
  • Sukachev V. N. 1930. [Guiding principles for observation of forest types]. Sel'hozgiz, Moscow: 1-137. [In Russian]
  • Terhivuo J. 1988. The Finnish Lumbricidae (Oligochaeta) fauna and its formation. Annales Zoologici Fennici 25: 229-247.
  • Tilman D. 1982. Resource competition and community structure. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ: 1-296.
  • Yudin B. S. 1962. Ecology of shrews (genus Sorex) of West Siberia. [In: The problems of ecology, zoogeography and systematics of animals. A. I. Cherepanov, ed]. Proceedings of the Institute of Biology, Novosibirsk 8: 33-134. [In Russian with English titles]
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.