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1994 | 39 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Food habits of ungulates in dry tropical forests of Gir Lion Sanctuary, Guarajat, India

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Food habits of chital Axis axis (Exrleben, 1777), sambar Ceruus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) and nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus (Pallas, 1776) of Gir Lion Sanctuary were studied from January 1987 to December 1988. Data were collected on feeding animals by direct observations using scan and focai animal sampling methods. Results suggest that all three species are mixed feeders to varying degree and grass to browse ratio varied significantly in different seasons. Chitai utilised 38 species of shrubs, ten species of grasses and two species of climbers whereas sambar and nilgai utilised 29 and 19 species of shrubs, respectively. As a result of drought in 1987, chital utilised far greater proportion of browse (leaves and shoots) during 1988 compared to 1987, sambar diet mainly comprised of bark material of six plant species during winter and summer of 1988. All three species utilised different species of Acacia and Zizyphus in Gir but their utilisation differed significantly between different species thereby facilitating their co-existence.
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
39
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.185-193,fig.
Twórcy
autor
  • Wildlife Institute of India, P.O.Box-18, Chandrabani, Dehradun 248 001, India
Bibliografia
  • Altman J. 1974. Observational study of behaviour: Sampling methods. Behaviour 49: 227-265. Berwick S. H. 1974. The community of wild ruminants in Gir forest. Ph. D. thesis, Yale University,USA: 1-226.
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  • Drawe D. L. 1968. Mid summer diet of deer on the Welder Wildlife Refuge. J. Range Manage. 21: 164-166.
  • Fitzgerald A. E. and Waddington D. C. 1979. Comparison of two methods of faecal analysis of herbivore diet. J. Wildl. Manage. 43: 468-473.
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  • Gill R. B., Carpenter L. H., Bartmann R, M., Baker D. L. and Schoonveld G. G. 1983. Faecal analysis to estimate mule deer diets. J. Wildl. Manage. 47: 902-915.
  • Green M. J. B. 1985. Aspects of the ecology of the Himalayan musk deer. Ph. D. thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge: 1-280.
  • Holecheck J. L., Vavra M. and Piper R. D. 1982. Botanical composition determination of range herbivore diets : A review. J. Range Manage. 35: 309-315.
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  • John G. K.. Drave L. and Scott G. 1980. Changes in the diet and nutrition with increased herd size in Texas white-tailed deer, J. Range Manage. 33: 28-34,
  • Khan J. A., Rodgers W. A., Johnsingh A. J. T. and Mathur P. K. 1990. Gir lion project: ungulate habitat ecology in Gir. Project report. Wildlife Institute oflndia, Dehradun: 1-214.
  • Krausmann P. R. 1978. Forage relationships between two deer species in Big Bend National Park, Texas. J. Wildl. Manage. 42: 101-107.
  • McNaughton S. J. and Georgiadis N, J. 1986. Ecology of African grazing and browsing mammals. Ann. Rev, Ecol. Syst. 17: 39-65.
  • Negi G. C. S., Rikhari H. C., Ram J. and Singh S. P 1993. Foraging niche characteristics of horses, sheep and goats in an alpine meadow of the Indian Central Himalaya. J. Appl. Ecol. 30: 383-394.
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  • Schoener T. W. 1970. Non-synchronous spatial overlap of lizards in patchy habitats. Ecology 51: 408-418.
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  • Sharatchandra H. C. and Gadgil M. 1975. A year in Bandipur. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 72: 623-647.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-2b5b3bcd-27fb-46a6-ba8e-795a606d2703
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