PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2007 | 14 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Distribution of Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in selected species of protected and game mammals from North-Eastern Poland

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. are wide-spread pathogens of humans and many species of mammals. The ways of transmission are very complex and diffi cult to defi ne. Both parasites occur in similar environments and share a broad host range. However, in Poland there is still little known about the epidemiology of these parasites due to the paucity of data on human cases and only few studies in wildlife. The aim of our study was to determine the distribution of two intestinal protozoa in a few species of protected and game mammals in North-Eastern Poland. Additionally, we wanted to compare prevalence and abundance of these parasites between wild and farm animals, and to determine the species/genotypes of Cryptosporidium. Fecal samples collected from protected species (European beaver – 22, grey wolf – 14, European bison – 55, Polish Konik (horse) – 5) and game mammals (red deer – 52, roe deer – 22, boar – 5) were examined by IFA. We also studied a group of samples collected from farm animals: beaver – 30, red deer – 66, Polish konik – 5. Cryptosporidium oocysts were identifi ed in 5 of 7 studied animal species (prevalence from 9% in roe deer to 36% in wolves), Giardia cysts in 4 of 6 studied species (prevalence from 1.7% in red deer to 7.7% in European beaver). Sequencing analysis of COWP gene fragment revealed that 5 Cryptosporidium isolates from wolves were C. parvum genotype 2 (zoonotic). The results show the important role of examined species in maintaining the natural sources of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. infections in the environment.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
14
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.265-270,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
autor
autor
autor
Bibliografia
  • Anderson BC: Patterns of shedding of cryptosporidial oocysts in Idaho calves. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1981, 178, 982-984.
  • Appelbee AJ, Thompson RCA, Olson ME: Giardia and Cryptosporidium in mammalian wildlife – current status and future needs. Trends Parasitol 2005, 21, 370-376.
  • Bajer A: Gryzonie różnych siedlisk jako źródło zarażeń Cryptosporidium. PhD thesis 2002, Departament of Parasitology, Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw.
  • Bajer A, Bednarska M, Pawełczyk A, Behnke JM, Gilbert FS, Siński E: Prevalence and abundance of Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia spp. in wild rural rodents from the Mazury Lake District region of Poland. Parasitology 2002, 125, 21-34.
  • Caccio S, Homan W, Camilli R, Traldi G, Kortbeek T, Pozio E: A microsatellite marker reveals population heterogeneity within human and animal genotypes of Cryptosporidium parvum. Parasitology 2000, 120, 237-244.
  • Caccio SM, Thompson RC, McLauchlin J, Smith HV: Unravelling Cryptosporidium and Giardia epidemiology. Trends Parasitol 2005, 21, 430-437.
  • Deng MQ, Cliver DO: Improved immunofl uorescence assay for detection of Giardia and Cryptosporidium from asymptomatic adult cervine animals. Parasitol Res 1999, 85, 733-736.
  • Dillingham RA, Lima AA, Guerrant RL: Cryptosporidiosis: epidemiology and impact. Microb Infect 2002, 4, 1059-1066.
  • Dunlap BG, Thies ML: Giardia in beaver (Castor canadiensis) and nutria (Myocastor coypus) from East Texas. J Parasitol 2002, 88, 1254-1258.
  • Erlandsen SL, Sherlock LA, Bemrick WJ, Ghobrial H, Jakubowski W: Prevalence of Giardia spp. in beaver and muskrat populations in northeastern States and Minnesota: detection of intestinal trophosoites at necropsy provides greater sensivity than detection of cysts in fecal samples. Appl Environ Microbiol 1990, 56, 31-36.
  • Fayer R, Morgan U, Upton SJ: Epidemiology of Cryptosporidium: transmission, detection and identifi cation. Int J Parasitol 2000, 30, 1305-1322.
  • Fayer R, Santin M, Trout JM, Greiner E: Prevalence of species and genotypes of Cryptosporidium found in 1-2-year-old diary cattle in Eastern United States. Vet Parasitol 2006, 135, 105-112.
  • Frost F, Plan B, Liechty B: Giardia prevalence in commercially trapped mammals. J Environ Health 1980, 42, 245-249.
  • de Graaf DC, Vanopdenbosch E, Ortega-Mora LM, Abbassi H, Peeters JE: A review of the importance of cryptosporidiosis in farm animals. Int J Parasitol 1999, 29, 1269-1287.
  • Griffiths JK: Human cryptosporidiosis: epidemiology, transmission, clinical disease, treatment, and diagnosis. Adv Parasitol 1998, 40, 37-86.
  • Hamnes IS, Bjorn G, Robertson L, Vikoren T, Handeland K: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in free-ranging wild cervids in Norway. Vet Parasitol 2006, 141, 30-41.
  • Harris N: Castor fi ber. (Online), Animal Diversity Web, http:// animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Castor_fi ber. html. 1999.
  • Henriksen S, Pohlenz J: Staining of cryptosporidia by modifi ed Ziehl-Neelsen technique. Acta Vet Scand 1981, 22, 594-596.
  • Karanis P, Opiela K, Renoth S, Seitz HM: Possible contamination of surface waters with Giardia spp. through muskrats. Zentralbl Bakteriol 1996, 284, 302-306.
  • Kloch A, Bednarska M, Bajer A: Intestinal micro- and macroparasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from North-Eastern Poland recovered by coprological study. Ann Agric Environ Med 2005, 12, 237-245.
  • Krasińska M, Krasiński ZA: Monografi a przyrodnicza ŻUBR. Studium Fotografi i Przyrodniczej HAJSTRA, Warszawa-Białowieża 2004.
  • Isaak-Renton JL, Moricz MM, Proctor EM: A Giardia survey of furbearing water mammals in British Columbia, Canada. J Environ Health 1987, 50, 80-83.
  • Majewska CA, Kasprzak W: Wodnopochodne epidemie Giardia. Wiad Parazytol 1995, 41, 25-31.
  • Majewska AC, Werner A, Sulima P, Luty T: Survey on equine cryptosporidiosis in Poland and possibility of zoonotic transmission. Ann Agric Environ Med 1999, 6, 161-165.
  • Mallone M, Macleod A, Wastling J, Smith H, Reilly B, Tait A: Population structures and the role of genetic exchange in the zoonotic pathogen Cryptosporidium parvum. J Mol Evol 2003, 56, 407-417.
  • McLauchlin J, Amar CFL, Pedraza-Diaz S, Mieli-Vergani G, Hadzic N Davies EG: Polymerase chain reaction-based diagnosis of infection with Cryptosporidium in children with primary immunodefi ciencies. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2003, 22, 329-334.
  • Monis PT, Thompson RCA: Cryptosporidium and Giardia-zoonoses: fact or fi ction? Infect Gen Evol 2003, 3, 233-244.
  • O’Donoghue PJ: Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis in man and animals. Int J Parasitol 1995, 25, 139-195.
  • Pacha RE, Clark GW, Williams EA, Carter AM, Scheffelmaier JJ, Debusschere P: Small rodents and other mammals associated with mountain meadows as reservoirs of Giardia spp. and Campylobacter spp. Appl Environ Microbiol 1987, 53, 1574-1579.
  • Pedraza-Diaz S, Amar C, Nichols GL, Mclauchlin J: Nested polymeraze chain reaction for amplifi cation of the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein gene. Emerg Infect Dis 2001, 7, 49-56.
  • Perz JF, Le Blancq M: Cryptosporidium parvum infection involving novel genotypes in wildlife from lower New York State. Appl Environ Microbiol 2001, 67, 1154-1162.
  • Pietrzak A, Chodorowska G, Urban J, Bogucka V, Dybiec E: Cutaneous manifestation of giardiasis – case report. Ann Agric Eniron Med 2005, 12, 299-303.
  • Rickard LG, Siefker C, Boyle CR, Gentz EJ: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp. in fecal samples from free ranging white tailed deer (Odocoileus viginianus) in the southeastern United States. J Vet Diagn Inves 1999, 11, 65-72.
  • Spano F, Putignani L, Mclauchin J, Casemore DP, Crisanti A: PCR-RFLP analysis of the Cryptosporidium oocyst wall protein (COWP) gene discriminates between C. wrairi and C. parvum, and between C. parvum isolates of human and animal origin. FEMS Microbiol Lett 1997, 150, 209-217.
  • Strudee AP, Chalmers RM, Null SA: Detection of Cryptosporidium oocyst in wild mammals of mainland Britan. Vet Parasitol 1999, 80, 273-280.
  • Tomana J: Żubr. (Online) http://www.zubry.com 2003.
  • Xiao L, Alderisio K, Limor J, Royer M, Lal AA: Identifi cation of species and sources of Cryptosporidium oocysts in storm waters with a small-subunit rRNA-based diagnostic and genotyping tool. Appl Environ Microbiol 2000, 66, 5492-5498.
  • Xiao L, Fayer R, Ryan U, Upton SJ: Cryptosporidium taxonomy: recent advances and implications for public health. Clin Microbiol Rev 2004, 17, 72-97.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-article-18ea5ec2-5fc0-4384-9aec-96fa653a1c4f
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.