Effect of melatonin on the vasopressin secretion as influenced by tachykinin NK-1 receptor agonist and antagonist: in vivo and in vitro studies
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of melatonin on vasopressin (AVP) release from the rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial (H-NH) system, both in vivo and in vitro, possibly modified by the peptide NK-1 and/or NK-2 receptor agonists and antagonists. Highly selective NK-1 receptor agonist, i.e., [Sar9,Met(O2)11]-Substance P, has been shown to enhance the AVP release from isolated rat H-NH system in vitro, while the NK-1 receptor antagonist - (Tyr6,D-Phe7,D-His9)-Substance P (6-11) as well as the NK-2 receptor selective agonist - (ß-Ala8)-Neurokinin A (4-10) and antagonist - (Tyr5,D-Trp6,8,9,Lys-NH210)-Neurokinin A (4-10) were essentially inactive in modifying AVP secretion. Melatonin inhibited basal release of AVP but was not able to reduce significantly the in vitro response of vasopressinergic neurones to NK-1 receptor agonist. After intracerebroventricular (icv) administration, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and the NK-1 receptor agonist (all at the concentration of 10-7 M/L) significantly enhanced plasma AVP concentration. Such stimulatory effect of the latter peptide on AVP output from the neurohypophysis was reduced by an intravenous (iv) injection of melatonin, which itself (at a concentration of 5 ng/ml) caused a significant decrease in AVP release 10 min after injection. The inhibitory influence of melatonin on the AVP secretion was absent in rats injected icv with both tachykinin receptors antagonists, the NK-2 receptor agonist or NKA. The present data indicate a distinct role for NK-1 receptor in NKA/SP-mediated regulation of AVP release from the rat H-NH system. They have also shown that, under present experimental conditions, the stimulatory effect of NK-1 receptor activation on AVP secretion into the blood is sensitive to inhibitory influence of melatonin.