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2011 | 10 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Response of Polish cultivars of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) to brassinosteroid application

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
Reakcja polskich odmian uprawych soi (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) na stosowanie brasinosteroidu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In the present study, we evaluated the effects of exogenously applied 24- -epibrassinolide – one of the brassinosteroids – on the seed yield, seed chemical composition (content of soluble proteins, phytoestrogens, carbohydrates, minerals) and resistance to drought of soybean cultivated in Poland (cv. Aldana and Augusta). Quantitative and qualitative analysis of brassinosteroid content was made in seeds of plants treated with 24-epibrassinolide. Experiments were performed in the field and in greenhouse. Brassinosteroid was applied via presowing seed soaking (0,25 mg·dm-3) and spraying of plants (1 mg·dm-3). 24-epibrassinolide affected the increase of the weight of seeds per one plant (27-73%) depending on the cultivar as well as growth conditions (occurrence or lack of drought factor at the stage of seed setting). In the seeds, 24- -epibrassinolide did not change content of proteins or soluble carbohydrates, but increased phytoestrogen genistein content in cultivar Aldana and decreased level of potassium in cultivar Augusta and calcium level in cultivar Aldana. In soybean seeds, the presence of brassinolide and castasterone was found. 24-epibrassinolide applied exogenously to plants was not accumulated in newly formed seeds. In drought-stressed soybean brassinosteroid showed protective effect on net photosynthesis and photosystem II efficiency.
PL
Badano oddziaływanie brasinosteroidu – 24-epibrasinolidu – na plonowanie, skład chemiczny nasion (zawartość białek, cukrów, fitoestrogenów i składników mineralnych) oraz odporność na suszę uprawianej w Polsce soi odmian Aldana i Augusta. Przeprowadzono ilościową i jakościową analizę zawartości brasinosteroidów w nasionach roślin traktowanych 24-epibrasinolidem. Eksperymenty wykonano w warunkach poletkowych oraz w szklarni. Brasinosteroid aplikowano poprzez przedsiewne moczenie nasion (0,25 mg·dm-3) i oprysk roślin (1 mg·dm-3). 24-Epibrasinolid wpływał na wzrost masy nasion w przeliczeniu na jedną roślinę (od 27-73%) w zależności od odmiany oraz warunków wegetacji (wystąpienie lub brak czynnika suszy w okresie zawiązywania nasion). Nie oddziaływał na poziom białek i cukrów rozpuszczalnych w nasionach, ale zwiększał zawartość fitoestrogenu genisteiny (odmiany Aldana) oraz zmniejszał poziom potasu (odmiany Augusta) i wapnia (odmiany Aldana). W nasionach soi stwierdzono obecność dwóch ważnych brasinosteroidów: brasinolidu i kastasteronu. 24-Epibrasinolid, którym traktowano rośliny, nie był akumulowany w nasionach. Wykazywał natomiast działanie ochronne na proces fotosyntezy u soi rosnącej w warunkach suszy.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
10
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.33-50,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Biology of Development, The Franciszek Gorski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Krakow, Poland
  • Department of Biology of Development, The Franciszek Gorski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Krakow, Poland
autor
  • Department of Biology of Development, The Franciszek Gorski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Krakow, Poland
  • Institute of Experimental, Botany Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
  • Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic
autor
  • Department of Biology of Development, The Franciszek Gorski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Niezapominajek 21, 30-239 Krakow, Poland
  • The Wladysław Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, Krakow, Poland
autor
  • College of Medicine, Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Krakow, Poland
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