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2014 | 13 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Characterization of conventional cooking stoves in South Eastern Nigeria

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Performance characterization of some selected conventional cook stoves in South Eastern Nigeria had been carried out. Three conventional cook stoves (3-stone stove, charcoal stove and sawdust stove) were selected and evaluated. Their performances were compared with those of improved stove. The results show that the time spent in cooking 1 Kg of rice/(yam) is significantly different in all the conventional stoves under test; (maximum 0.75 (0.44) kg/hr for 3-stone stove and minimum 0.61 (0.35) hr/kg for charcoal). Fuel utilization also differs for instance lesser quantity of charcoal would be required to cook the same quantity of food on the charcoal stove than the open fire stove. Also the specific fuel consumption value of charcoal stove is lesser than all other stoves. The 3-stone stove have higher specific fuel consumption values indicative of more fuel consumption but lower thermal efficiency. This indicates a poor performance when compared to other improved stoves such as kerosene stove with higher thermal efficiency of 64.38 %.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.89-99,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
  • Department of Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • [1] Ahuja D. F., Joshi V., Smith K. R., Venkataranman C. (1997). “Thermal Performance and Emission Characteristic of Unvented Biomass-Burning Cookstove. Standard Methods for Evaluation. Biomass, 10:12.
  • [2] Boutete M. (1981). Testing the efficiency of wood burning cook stove provisional international standards. VITA, Int Raimer Maryland, pp. 35-40.
  • [3] Clarke R. (1985). “Wood-stove Dissemination”. Proceeding of the Conference held at Wolfheze, The Netherlands. Intermediate Technology Publications, 9 king Street, London. Pp. 97-102.
  • [4] FAO (1990). “The Briquetting of Agricultural Waste for Fuel Environment and Energy”. 1(2): 25-31.
  • [5] Granderson J., Sandhu J. S., Vasquez D., Ramirez E., Smith K. R., (2009). Fuel use and Design analysis of improved wood burning cookstoves in the Guatemalan Highlands. Biomass & Bioenergy, 33: 306-315.
  • [6] Kuti O. A., (2003). Evaluation of composite sawdust briquette as a high grade fuel for domestic cooking. M.Eng Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
  • [7] Olorunisola A. O. (1999). “Efficiency of two Nigerian Cooking Stoves in Handling Corn-Cob Briquettes”. Nigerian Journal of Renewable Energy, 7(1 &2); 31-34.
  • [8] Bello R. S., Adegbulugbe T. A., Onyekwere P. S. N., (2010). Comparative Study on Utilization of Charcoal, Sawdust and Rice Husk in heating oven. Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Journal of Scientific Research and Development. Agric Eng Int: CIGR Journal Open access athttp://www.cigrjournal.org Vol. 12, No.2 29, Volume XII, June, 2010 March, 2010.
  • [9] Stewart W. (198). Improved Wood, Waste and Charcoal Burning Stoves. A Practical Manual. Intermediate Technology Publications, Covent Garden, London, UK.
  • [10] Stout B. A., Best G. (2001). Effective energy use and climate change: Needs of rural areas in developing countries. Invited overview. Vol. III.
  • [11] VITA (1985). Testing the Efficiency Of Wood-Burning Cookstoves: Provisional International Standards. 1985, Volunteers in Technical Assistance: Arlington, VA p. 76.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-42fb5366-b4fa-4099-b3d2-fbf001252178
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