Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 21 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

Non-carcinogenic risks induced by heavy metals in water from a Chinese river

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Our study assessed the non-carcinogenic risks of heavy metals in the sources of drinking water treatment plants located along Huaihe River in Jiangsu Province, China. High-resolution inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy were used to determine the levels of eight metals in the water from 30 treatment plants. Non-carcinogenic risks induced by the metals were assessed using the methods recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency of the United States. Among the metals, Fe had the highest concentration and Pb contributed most to the average hazard index (HI) of 30 TWTPs. Except Pb, each metal had an average concentration below the permissible limit of China and the United States. The induced non-carcinogenic risks showed temporal and spatial variations. This study revealed that the metals in the tap water induced negligible public health risks for local residents.
Opis fizyczny
  • State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046, China
  • 1. LIU N., NI T. H., XIA J., DAI M. Z, HE C. Y, LU G. F. Non-carcinogenic risks induced by metals in drinking source water of Jiangsu Province, China. Environ. Monit. Assess., 177,(1-4), 449, 2011.
  • 2. HUANG H., OU W. H., WANG L. S. Semivolatile organic compounds, organochlorine pesticides and heavy metals in sediments and risk assessment in Huaihe River of China. J. Environ. Sci. 18, (2), 236, 2006.
  • 3. ZHANG H., SHAN B. Historical records of heavy metal accumulation in sediments and the relationship with agricultural intensification in the Yangtze-Huaihe region, China. Sci. Total Environ. 399, (1-3), 113, 2008.
  • 4. FU C, GUO J. S., PAN J., QI J. S., ZHOU W. S. Potential ecological risk assessment of heavy metal pollution in sediments of the Yangtze River within the Wanzhou Section, China. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 129, (1-3), 270, 2009.
  • 5. LI X. B., JIA L. Z., JIA Y. L., WANG Q., CHENG Y. X. Seasonal bioconcentration of heavy metals in Onchidium stnuna (Gastropoda: Pulmonata) from Chongming Island, the Yangtze Estuary, China. J. Environ. Sci. 21, (2), 255, 2009.
  • 6. XUE B., YAO S. C., XIA W. L. Environmental changes in Lake Taihu during the past century as recorded in sediment cores. Hydrobiologia 581, 117, 2007.
  • 7. LIU N., XIA J., DAI M. Z., NI T. H., HE C. Y., ZHANG X. X., LU G. F. A preliminary non-carcinogenic risk assessment on metals in source water of the Yangtze River (lower reach). Fresen. Environ. Bull. 19, (8A), 1648, 2010.
  • 8. PELOW D., EDMONDS R. Health risks associated with contamination of groundwater by abandoned mines near Twisp in Okanogan County, Washington, USA. Environ. Geochem. Health 26, 69, 2004.
  • 9. SOFUOGLU S. C., LEBOWITZ, M. D., O'ROURKE M. K, ROBERTSON G. L., DELLARCO M., MOSCHANDREAS D. J. Exposure and risk estimates for Arizona drinking water. Am. Water Works Assoc. J. 95, (7), 67, 2003.
  • 10. SEKABIRA K., ORIGA H. O., BASAMBA T. A., MUTUMBA G., KAKUDIDIE. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the urban stream sediments and its tributaries. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 7, (3), 435, 2010.
  • 11. SEKABIRA K., ORIGA H. O., BASAMBA T. A., MUTUMBA G., KAKUDIDI E. Heavy metal assessment and water quality values in urban stream and rain water. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 7, (4), 759, 2010.
  • 12. USEPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency): Risk assessment guidance for superfiind volume I human health evaluation manual. 2011. -pta_complete.pdf. Accessed Mar 5, 2011.
  • 13. USEPA (U. S. Environmental Protection Agency): Exposure factors handbook. 2011. =22463. Accessed Mar 5, 2011.
  • 14. USEPA (U. S. Environmental Protection Agency): Regional Screening Level (RSL) Tapwater Supporting Table. _table/Generic_Tables/index.htm. Accessed Nov 6, 2011.
  • 15. YANG Z. F., WANG Y., SHEN Z. Y., NIU J. F., TANG Z. W. Distribution and speciation of heavy metals in sediments from the mainstream, tributaries, and lakes of the Yangtze River catchment of Wuhan, China. J. Hazard. Mater. 166, (2-3), 1186, 2009.
  • 16. SEPAC (State Environmental Protection Administration of China): Monitoring and analysis method of water and wastewater (4th Ed.). China Environmental Science Press. 2002.
  • 17. YAO S. C, XUE B., XIA W. L., ZHU Y. X., LI S. J. Lead pollution recorded in sediments of three lakes located at the middle and lower Yangtze River Basin, China. Quatern. Int. 208, 145,2009.
  • 18. WU B., ZHANG X. X., ZHANG X. L., YASUN A., ZHANG Y., ZHAO D. Y., FORD T., CHENG S. P. Semivolatile organic compounds and trace elements in the Yangtze River source of drinking water. Ecotoxicology 18, 707, 2009.
  • 19. BRUCKA-JASTRZEBSKA E. The effect of aquatic cadmium and lead pollution on lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity in freshwater fish. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 19, (6), 1139, 2010.
  • 20. KALISINSKA E., SALICKI W. Lead and cadmium levels in muscle, Liver, and kidney of scaup Aythya marila from Szczecin Lagoon, Poland. Pol. J. Environ. Stud. 19, (6), 1213, 2010.
  • 21. MELO C. A., MOREIRA A. B., BISINOTI M. C. Seasonal and spatial trend of pollutants in the waters of the Sao Jose Do Rio Preto municipal dam, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Quim. Nova. 32, (6), 1436, 2009.
  • 22. REZA R., SINGH G. Heavy metal contamination and its indexing approach for river water. Int. J. Environ. Sei. Tech. 7, (4), 785, 2010.
  • 23. AKTAR M. W., PARAMASIVAM M., GANGULY M., PURKAIT S., SENGUPTA D. Assessment and occurrence of various heavy metals in surface water of Ganga River around Kolkata: A study for toxicity and ecological impact. Environ. Monit. Assess. 160, (1-4), 207, 2010.
  • 24. FAN A. M., HOWD R. Symp XlVd current issues in metal toxicity with specific references to As, Cd, Cr, and Se. Int. J. Toxicol. 30, (1), 133, 2011.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.