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2013 | 66 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of simultaneous use of methyl jasmonate with other plant hormones on the level of anthocyanins and biogenic amines in seedlings of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench)

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Warianty tytułu
PL
Wpływ jednoczesnego użycia jasmonianu metylu z innymi hormonami roślinnymi na poziom antocyjanów i amin biogennych w siewkach gryki zwyczajnej (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench)
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of auxin (IAA), gibberellin (GA3) and cytokinin (kinetin), used solely and in combination with methyl jasmonate (MJ), on the accumulation of anthocyanins and biogenic amines in hypocotyls and cotyledons of common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) seedlings. The obtained results indicate that accumulation of anthocyanins in buckwheat seedlings was dependent on the concentration of the phytohormone applied and the tissue studied. The combined use of MJ and IAA, GA3 or kinetin partly reversed the effect of strong inhibition of anthocyanin synthesis by MJ. IAA used solely decreased the level of anthocyanins in de-etiolated buckwheat cotyledons. IAA also caused a reduction of putrescine content, both in hypocotyls and cotyledons of buckwheat seedlings. MJ used alone caused high accumulation of 2-phenylethylamine (PEA) in buckwheat cotyledons and hypocotyls. The simultaneous application of MJ and IAA, GA3 or kinetin also stimulated PEA synthesis in buckwheat tissues, however this effect was significantly lower compared to the use of MJ only. A reverse significant correlation between PEA and anthocyanin contents occurred in buckwheat hypocotyls, but not in cotyledons. It was suggested that the deficiency of L-phenylalanine, a substrate for synthesis of 2-phenylethylamine, may be partly responsible for the decline in anthocyanin content in buckwheat hypocotyls under the influence of MJ.
PL
Celem pracy była ocena wpływu auksyny (IAA), gibereliny (GA3) i cytokininy (kinetyna) stosowanych wyłącznie, oraz jednocześnie z parami jasmonianu metylu (MJ), na akumulację antocyjanów i amin biogennych w hipokotylach i liścieniach siewek gryki zwyczajnej (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench). Uzyskane wyniki wskazują, że nagromadzanie antocyjanów w siewkach gryki było zależne od stężenia zastosowanego fitohormonu i badanej tkanki. Łączne stosowanie MJ i IAA, GA3 lub kinetyny częściowo odwracało efekt silnego hamowania syntezy antocyjanów przez MJ. IAA zastosowany samodzielnie obniżał poziom antocyjanów w liścieniach oraz powodował zmniejszenie zawartości putrescyny w hipokotylach i liścieniach gryki. MJ stosowany samodzielnie powodował duże nagromadzanie 2-fenyloetyloaminy (PEA) w liścieniach i hipokotylach gryki. Jednoczesne stosowanie MJ i IAA, GA3 lub kinetyny stymulowało również wzmożoną syntezę PEA w tkankach gryki, jednak wpływ ten był znacznie niższy w porównaniu do użycia jedynie MJ. Wystąpiła odwrotna korelacja między zawartością PEA i antocyjanów w hipokotylach gryki, ale nie w liścieniach. Zasugerowano, że za spadek zawartości antocyjanów w hipokotylach gryki pod wpływem MJ może być częściowo odpowiedzialny niedobór L-fenyloalaniny będącej substratem do syntezy 2-fenyloetyloaminy (PEA).
Słowa kluczowe
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-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
66
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.17-26,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Plant Physiology and Genetics, Institute of Biology, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
autor
  • Research Institute of Horticulture, Konstytucji 3 Maja1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
autor
  • Research Institute of Horticulture, Konstytucji 3 Maja1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
autor
  • Department of Plant Physiology and Genetics, Institute of Biology, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
autor
  • Department of Plant Physiology and Genetics, Institute of Biology, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Prusa 12, 08-110 Siedlce, Poland
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