Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 24 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Pb, Zn, and Cd distribution and migration at a historical zinc smelting site

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
This study targeted a historical zinc smelting site from southwestern China and investigated the distribution, mobility, and dispersion patterns of trace metals in the surrounding environment. A series of soil, smelting slag, stream sediment, stream water, and groundwater samples were collected from the smelting site and analyzed for Pb, Zn, and Cd. The results showed that the smelting site was seriously polluted with Pb, Zn, and Cd from past smelting fume deposition and smelting slags. Metal fractions and ratios were applied to identify metal dispersion and mobility. During smelting, Cd was preferably volatilized and transported into the surrounding environment, Zn was predominantly recuperated, and Pb was predominantly retained in smelting slags. Metals in contaminated soils were more mobile than those in slags, but slags still posed long-term risk to the surrounding environment with elevated metals. The relative amounts of vertical transport of metals appeared to follow the order of Cd > Zn > Pb, similar to the mobility order by BCR sequential extractions. Sediments and suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the local stream were derived from the contaminated soils and slags. Compared to the local groundwater with little metal pollution, the stream water at the smelting site was heavily polluted with Pb, Zn, and Cd. Elevated metals in the stream water occurred predominantly in SPM due to soil and slag erosion.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Chemistry College, Hanshan Normal University, Chaozhou 521041, China
  • State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China
  • State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550002, China
  • 1. OLAWOYIN R., OYEWOLE S.A., GRAYSON R.L. Potential risk effect from elevated levels of soil heavy metals on human health in the Niger delta. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 85, 120, 2012.
  • 2. KAPUSTA P., SZAREK-ŁUKASZEWSKA G., STEFANOWICZ A.M. Direct and indirect effects of metal contamination on soil Biota in a Zn-Pb post-mining and smelting area (S Poland). Environ. Pollut. 159, 1516, 2011.
  • 3. LI P., FENG X.B., QIU G.L., SHANG L.H.,WANG S.F. Mercury pollution in Wuchuan mercury mining area, Guizhou, Southwestern China: The impacts from large scale and artisanal mercury mining. Environ. Int. 42, 59. 2012.
  • 4. VOEGELIN A., BARMETTLER K., KRETZSCHMAR R. Heavy metal release from contaminated soils: Comparison of column leaching and batch extraction results. J. Environ. Qual. 32, 865, 2003.
  • 5. DIP.L., FERRANTELLI P., MEDICI F. Heavy metals extraction from contaminated soil: Recovery of the flushing solution. J. Environ. Manage. 77, 205, 2005.
  • 6. NEMATI K.N., BAKER N.K.A., ABAS M.R.R., SOBHANZADEH E. Speciation of heavy metals by modified BCR sequential extraction procedure in different depths of sediments from Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia. J. Hazard. Mater. 192, 402, 2011.
  • 7. RODRÍGUEZ L., RUIZ E., ALONSO-AZCÁRATE J., RINCÓN J. Heavy metal distribution and chemical speciation in tailings and soils around a Pb–Zn mine in Spain. J. Environ. Manage. 90, (2), 1106, 2009.
  • 8. UDOVIC M., LESTAN D. Pb, Zn and Cd mobility, availability and fractionation in aged soil remediated by EDTA leaching. Chemosphere 74, (10), 1367, 2009.
  • 9. ZHONG X.L., ZHOU S.L., ZHU Q., ZHAO Q.G. Fraction distribution and bioavailability of soil heavy metals in the Yangtze River Delta-a case study of Kunshan City in Jiangsu Province, China. J. Hazard. Mater. 198, 13, 2011.
  • 10. HE Z.L., YANGA X.E., STOFFELLAB P.J. Trace elements in agroecosystems and impacts on the environment. J. Trace Elem. Med. Biol. 19, 125, 2005.
  • 11. TESSIER A., CAMPBELL P.G.C., BISSON M. Sequential extraction procedure for the speciation of particulate trace metals. Anal. Chem. 51, 844, 1979.
  • 12. CAMPANELLA L., DORAZIO D.,PETRONIO B.M., PIETRANTONIO E. Proposal for a metal speciation study in sediments.Anal.Chim.Acta. 309, 387, 1995.
  • 13. GOMEZ-ARIZA J.L., GIRALDEZ I., SANCHEZ-RODAS D., MORALESM E. Metal sequential extraction procedure optimized for heavily polluted and iron oxide rich sediments. Anal. Chim. Acta. 414, 151, 2000.
  • 14. RAURET G., LÓPEZ-SÁNDUZ J.F., SAHUQUILLO A., RUBIO R., DAVIDSON C., URE A.,QUEVAUVILLER Ph. Improvement of the BCR three-step sequential extraction procedure prior the certification of new sediment and soil reference materials. J. Environ. Monit. 1, 57, 1999.
  • 15. ŽEMBERYOVÁ M., BARTEKOVÁ J., HAGAROVÁI. The utilization of modified BCR three-step sequential extraction procedure for the fractionation of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn in soil reference materials of different origins. Talana 70, 973, 2006.
  • 16. PUEYO M., MATEU J., RIGOL A.,VIDAL M., LOPEZ-SANCHEZ J.F. RAURET G. Use of modified BCR threestep sequential extraction procedure for the study of trace elements dynamics in contaminated soils. Environ. Pollut. 152, 330, 2008.
  • 17. DAVUTLUOGLU O.I., SECKIN G., ERSU C.B., YILMAZ T., SARI B. Heavy metal content and distribution in surface sediments of the Seyhan River, Turkey. J. Environ. Manage. 92, (9), 2250, 2011.
  • 18. SHEN X., WANG X., ZHU G. Lead and cadmium contaminations to atmospheric environment conducted by zinc smelting. Environ. Monit. China. 7, (6), 8, 1991.
  • 19. LIN W.J., XIAO T.F., AO Z.Q., XING J., MA H.C., HU T.X. Limiting factors of waste land revegetationin indigenous zinc smelting areas of western Guizhou. Chinese. J. Appl. Ecol. 18, 631, 2007.
  • 20. BI X., FENG X., YANG Y., QIU G., LI G., LI F., LIU T. Environmental contamination of heavy metals from zinc smelting areas in Hezhang County, Western Guizhou, China. Environ. Int. 32, (7), 883, 2006.
  • 21. YANG Y.G., LIU C.Q., PAN W., ZHANG G.P., ZHU W.H. Heavy metal accumulation from zinc smelters in a carbonate rock region in Hezhang County, Guizhou Province, China. Water Air Soil Poll. 174, (1-4), 321, 2006.
  • 22. YANG Y.G., JIN Z.S., BI X.Y., LI F.L., SUN L., LIU J., FU Z.Y. Atmospheric deposition-carried Pb, Zn and Cd from a zinc smelter and their effect on soil microorganisms. Pedosphere 19, (4), 422, 2009.
  • 23. VAZQUEZ S., HEVIA A., MORENO E., ESTEBAN E., PENALOSA J.M., CARPENA R.O. Natural attenuation of residual heavy metal contamination in soils affected by the Aznalcollar mine spill, SW Spain. J. Environ. Manage. 92, (8), 2069, 2011.
  • 24. MORENO-JIMENEZ E., PENALOSA J.M., MANZANO R., CARPENA-RUIZ R.O., GAMARRA R., ESTEBAN E. Heavy metals distribution in soils surrounding an abandoned mine in NW Madrid (Spain) and their transference to wild flora. J. Hazard. Mater. 162, 854, 2009.
  • 25. HO H.H., SWENNEN R., CAPPUYNS V., VASSILIEVA E., VAN GERVEN T., TRAN T.V. Potential release of selected trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn) from sediments in Cam River-mouth (Vietnam) under influence of pH and oxidation. Sci. Total Environ. 435, 487, 2012.
  • 26. CASSELMAN C.N., FOX T.R., BURGER J.A., JONES A.T., GALBRAITH J.M. Effects of silvicultural treatments on survival and growth of trees planted on reclaimed mine lands in the Appalachians. Forest Ecol. Manag. 223, 403, 2006.
  • 27. ECKEL W.P., RABINOWITZ M.B., FOSTER G.D. Investigation of unrecognized former secondary lead smelting sites: confirmation by historical sources and elemental ratios in soil. Environ. Pollut. 117, 273, 2002.
  • 28. LIN W.J., XIAO T.F., WU Y.Y., AO Z.Q., NING Z.P. Hyperaccumulation of zinc by Corydalis davidii in Zn-polluted soils. Chemosphere 86, 837, 2012.
  • 29. LIN W.J. Ecological degeneration and heavy metals pollution in zinc smelting areas. Ecol. Environ. Sci. 8, 149, 2009.
  • 30. RODRIGUEZ L., RUIZ E., ALONSO-AZCARATE J., RINCON J. Heavy metal distribution and chemical speciation in tailings and soils around a Pb-Zn mine in Spain. J. Environ. Manage. 90, 1106, 2009.
  • 31. LU R.K. Methods for soil agricultural chemistry analysis, Beijing: Chinese agricultural science and technology Press, 1999.
  • 32. WANG C., HU X., CHEN M.L., WU Y.H. Total concentrations and fractions of Cd, Cr, Pb, Cu, Ni and Zn in sewage sludge from municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants. J. Hazard. Mater. 119, 245, 2005.
  • 33. HSU S.C., LIU S.C., JENG W.L., LIN F.J., HUANG Y.T., CANDICE LUNG S.C., LIU T.H., TU J.Y. Variations of Cd/Pb and Zn/Pb ratios in Taipei aerosols reflecting long-range transport or local pollution. Sci. Total Environ. 347, 111, 2005.
  • 34. ZHANG J., LIU J, LI C., JIN Y., NIE Y, LI J. Comparison of the fixation effects of heavy metals by cement rotary kiln co-processing and cement based solidification/stabilization. J. Hazard. Mater. 165, 1179, 2009.
  • 35. TOKALIOGLU S., YILMAZ V., KARTAL S. An assessment on metal sources by multivariate analysis and speciation of metals in soil samples using the BCR sequential extraction procedure. Clean Soil Air Water 38, (8), 713, 2010.
  • 36. MANNO E., VARRICA D., DONGARRA G. Metal distribution in road dust samples collected in an urban area close to a petrochemical plant at Gela, Sicily. Atmos. Environ. 40, 5929, 2006.
  • 37. KUBOVÁ J., MATÚŠ P., BUJDOŠ M., HAGAROVÁ I., MEDVED J. Utilization of optimized BCR three-step sequential and dilute HCl single extraction procedures for soil-plant metal transfer predictions in contaminated lands. Talanta 75, 1110, 2008.
  • 38. AKKAJIT P., TONGCUMPOU C. Fractionation of metals in cadmium contaminated soil: Relation and effect on bioavailable cadmium. Geoderma 15, 126, 2010.
  • 39. HALE B., EVANS L., LAMBERT R. Effects of cement or lime on Cd, Co, Cu, Ni, Pb, Sb and Zn mobility in field-contaminated and aged Soils. J. Hazard. Mater. 199, 119, 2012.
  • 40. GWENZI W., MUNONDO R. Long-term impacts of pasture irrigation with treated sewage effluent on nutrient status of a sandy soil in Zimbabwe. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosyst. 82, 197, 2008.
  • 41. VANĚK A., ETTLER V., GRYGAR T., BORŮVKA L., ŠEBEK O., DRÁBEK O. Combined chemical and mineralogical evidence for heavy metal binding in mining- and smelting-affected alluvial soils. Pedosphere 18, (4), 464, 2008.
  • 42. SHU W.S., YE Z.H., LAN C.Y., ZHANG Z.Q., WONG M.H. Acidification of lead/zinc mine tailings and its effect on heavy metal mobility. Environ. Int. 26, 389, 2001.
  • 43. ZHAO H.R., XIA B.C., FAN C., ZHAO P., SHEN S.L. Human health risk from soil heavy metal contamination under different land uses near Dabaoshan Mine, Southern China. Sci. Total Environ. 417, 45, 2012.
  • 44. BACON J.R., HEWITT I.J. Heavy metals deposited from the atmosphere on upland Scottish soils: Chemical and lead isotope studies of the association of metals with soil components. Geochim. Cosmochim. Ac. 69, 19, 2005.
  • 45. ZHENG S., WANG P., WANG C., HOU J., QIAN J. Distribution of metals in water and suspended particulate matter during the resuspenion processes in Taihulake sediment, China. Quatern.Int. 286, 94, 2013.
  • 46. CHATURVEDI P.K., SETH C.S., MISRA V. Sorption kinetics and leach ability of heavy metal from the contaminated soil amended with immobilizing agent (humus soil and hydroxyapatite). Chemosphere 64, (7), 1109, 2006.
  • 47. MORENO-JIMENEZ E., ESTEBAN E., CARPENA-RUIZ R.O., LOBO M.C., PENALOSA J.M. Phytostabilisation with mediterranean shrubs and liming improved soil quality in a pot experiment with a pyrite mine soil. J. Hazard. Mater. 201, 52, 2012.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.