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2017 | 24 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Functional mobility and flexibility in young female swimmers

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Introduction. Swimming has become a very popular form of physical activity mainly due to its wholesome influence on the human body. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of swimming training on the functional mobility and flexibility of young female swimmers. It is believed that swimming has a beneficial impact on the basic flexibility and functional mobility parameters. Material and Methods. Nine young female swimmers, members of the swimming team from 5th Secondary Sport School in Bydgoszcz took part in the study. The girls’ functional mobility and flexibility in were determined twice the sagittal plane with the use of the FMS test and “Eurofit” test, respectively. The bend of the torso in the frontal plane was also assessed. The differences in results were measured with Student’s t-test, and the value of changes was determined using the Mollison index. Results. A slight increase in the final FMS test result was noted in the second examination, compared with the first one: from 16.88 ± 1.76 to 17.22 ± 2.28. In 25-35% of cases the risk of overloading muscles as well as the positive impact of training on flexibility levels in the sagittal and frontal planes (during a bend to the left) was detected: from 26.44 ± 9.73 to 29.66 ± 7.92, and from 23.33 ± 2.45 to 25.11 ± 3.18, respectively. The Mollison index revealed the most positive results in the rotational stability of the torso (1.65) and the range of the lateral bend to the left (0.73), while negative values were only found in the in-line lunge and chest mobility range (–0.42). Conclusions. The results of the study confirm that swimming training has a positive impact on the body of young swimmers (increased mobility and flexibility). It is of vital importance to undertake further research on the effects of swimming on the mobility of the human body.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
24
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.39-43,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Principles of Physical Culture, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • Department of Mass Sport, Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
autor
  • Department of Tourism and Recreation Management, Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Omyła-Rudzka M. Physical activity of Poles. Warsaw: The Communication Research Centre for Public Opinion Research [Aktywność fizyczna Polaków. Warszawa: Komunikat z badań Centrum Badania Opinii Publicznej]; 2013.
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  • 4. Aptowicz J, Lemiesz G, Ciesiun P, Biernat R, Mrozowska A. The application of the FMS (Functional Movement Screen) for evaluation of functional movement: the case of Olympic taekwondo practitioners [Zastosowanie FMS (Functional Movement Screen) do oceny ruchomości funkcjonalnej na przykładzie zawodników uprawiających taekwondo olimpijskie]. Szkice Humanistyczne. 2010; 10/4(23): 265-276.
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  • 8. Grygorowicz M, Głowacka A, Wiernicka M, et al. Complex physiotherapeutic assessment as the foundation of primary prevention of sport injury [Kompleksowa ocena fizjoterapeutyczna podstawą profilaktyki pierwotnej urazów sportowych]. Now Lek. 2010; 79(3): 240-244.
  • 9. Cook G, Burton L, Kiesel K, et al. The functional movement screen, upper and lower quarter applications. March 14-15, Sioux Falls, South Dakota 1999.
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  • 11. Committee of experts as sports research. Eurofit – European test of physical fitness. Rome; 1988.
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  • 13. Siewierski M. The volume and structure of training loads of top swimmers during the pre-competition preparation phase [Wielkość i struktura obciążeń treningowych pływaków najwyższej klasy w bezpośrednim przygotowaniu startowym do zawodów głównych]. Pol J Sport Tourism. 2010; 18: 227-238.
  • 14. Oprychał C, Karpiński R, Sachnowski K. The longterm process of training high-class swimmers [Proces wieloletniego szkolenia pływaków wysokiej klasy]. Sport Wyczynowy. 2005; 9-10: 57-67.
  • 15. Jansson A, Saartok T, Werner S, Renstrom P. Evaluation of general joint laxity, shoulder laxity and mobility in competitive swimmers during growth and in normal controls. Scan J Med. Sci Sports. 2005; 15: 169-176.
  • 16. Radlińska N, Berwecki A. The assessment of range of motion in selected joints in competitive swimmers. J Kinesiol Exerc Sci. 2015; 70(25): 53-62.
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  • 18. Jorgić B, Aleksandrović M, Okičić T, et al. Influence of flexibility on swimming results in students of sport and physical education. Sport Sci. 3 2010; 1: 37-41.
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Bibliografia
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