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2011 | 51 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Molecular approaches to disease resistance in Fragaria spp.

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
PL
Molekularne podejście do zjawiska odporności na choroby roslin z rodzaju Fragaria
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Resistance to economically important diseases is one of the most desired traits to have in plant crops. The Fragaria genus including 21 wild and cultivated species (Fragaria x ananassa), contains genetic sources of diseases resistance that are quite rich but not fully exploited in breeding for resistance. Usefulness of different molecular techniques and high throughput technologies for the dissection of genetic resistance mechanisms and the explanation of plant diversity in relation to pathogens at the DNA level are described in this paper. The descriptions are based on the results of different studies on genome of Fragaria that were carried out in many research institutions in the world. The proposed model of comprehensive exploration of the strawberry genome, summarized with generating resistance markers and identification of genes involved with induction or regulation of plant response to pathogen attack, appear to be very useful in breeding strawberry for resistance.
PL
Odporność na choroby jest jedną z najbardziej pożądanych cech roślin uprawnych. Rodzaj Fragaria, obejmujący 21 gatunków zarówno dzikich, jak i hodowlanych (Fragaria x ananassa), zawiera bogate, choć nie w pełni wykorzystane w hodowli odpornościowej, zasoby genowe. W oparciu o różne badania genomu Fragaria, prowadzone w wielu ośrodkach naukowych na świecie, opisano przydatność różnych technik molekularnych i technologii, wysokoprzepustowego sekwencjonowania dla analizy genetycznych mechanizmów odporności i wyjaśniono różnorodność roślin na poziomie DNA, w odniesieniu do patogenów. Zaproponowany model kompleksowej eksploracji genomu, zakończony wygenerowaniem markerów cechy odporności i identyfikacją genów zaangażowanych w indukowanie odpowiedzi rośliny na porażenie przez patogena, byłby niezwykle użyteczny dla hodowli odpornościowej truskawki, ale realizacja takiego programu wymaga współpracy wszystkich zainteresowanych zespołów badawczych.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
51
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.60-65,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Research Institute of Pomology and Floriculture, Pomologiczna 18, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
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Bibliografia
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